:"Ibinubuhos ng mga henetisistang pampopulasyon (henetikong pampopulasyon) ang kanilang panahon sa pagsasagawa ng dalawang mga bagay: paglalarawan ng kayariang panghenetika ng mga populasyon, o pagsasateoriya hinggil sa mga puwersang pang-ebolusyon na nakakaapekto sa mga populasyon."<ref>Gillespie, John H. 2004. ''Population genetics: a concise guide'', 2nd ed. Johns Hopkins, Baltimore.</ref>
A brief history ==
Starting, perhaps, with G. Udny Yule 's paper in 1902,<ref>Yule, G. Udny 1902. Mendel's laws and their probable relations to intra-racial heredity. ''New Phytology''. '''1''': 193–207, 222–238.</ref> population theorists tackled key issues in genetics and evolution. [[G.H. Hardy]] and [[Wilhelm Weinberg]] showed that if a population had random mating, no selection, migration or mutation, then the proportion of [[allele]] s would remain the same generation after generation. This was the [[ Hardy–Weinberg law]],<ref>Edwards A.W.F. 2008. G.H. Hardy (1908) and Hardy–Weinberg Equilibrium, ''Genetics'' '''179''', 1143–1150. http://www.genetics.org/cgi/content/full/179/3/1143</ref> the first great result of this new field of research.
Population genetics made great progress from 1918 to 1937. During this period, [[Ronald Fisher]], [[J.B.S. Haldane]] and [[Sewall Wright]] worked on the connection between evolution and genetics, using new [[mathematics|mathematical]] techniques, such as [[ statistics|statistical]] [[ probability]]. [[E.B. Ford]] and [[Theodosius Dobzhansky]] did field research on the genetics of natural populations of [[lepidoptera]] and ''[[Drosophila]]'', respectively. Broadly speaking, this work proved that the newly rediscovered [[ Mendelian genetics]] could be reconciled with Darwinian evolution. This laid the groundwork for the [[ modern evolutionary synthesis]], which took place in the following years, from about 1937 to 1953.
In the second half of the 20th century, population geneticists tackled a range of complex evolutionary problems, such as the [[ evolution of sex]], [[ sexual selection]], [[kin selection]] ( altruism), [[mimicry]] and molecular evolution. The key figures included [[John Maynard Smith]], [[Motoo Kimura]] and [[W.D. Hamilton|William Hamilton]]. Techniques developed for population genetics help to decide what contribution [[ heredity]] and [[ environment]] make in [[ developmental biology]].<ref> see also [[nature vs nurture]]</ref>
== Mga sanggunian ==