Pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng mga pagbago ng "Mga Medo"

walang buod ng pagbabago
 
Ang '''mga Medo''' ang mga pinuno ng [[Iran]], [[Armenya]], gitnang [[Turkiya]], [[Apganistan]], at hilagang-silangang [[Pakistan]] mula 625 BK hanggang 549 BK.
{{Infobox Former Country
|native_name = {{lang|xme-Latn|Mādai}}
|conventional_long_name = Median Empire or Median Confederation
|common_name = Media
|continent = Asia
|region = Ancient Near East
|country = Iran
|era = Golden Age
|status =
|status_text =
|empire =
|government_type = Monarchy
|year_start = c. 678 BCE<ref name="Prof. George Rawlinson">Prof. George Rawlinson, The Seven Great Monarchies, MEDIA, p.158-160</ref>
|year_end = 549 BCE
|year_exile_start =
|year_exile_end =
|event_start = [[Deioces]] united Median tribes<ref name="Prof. George Rawlinson" /><ref name="books.google.no" />
|date_start =
|event_end = [[Cyrus the Great]]
|date_end =
|event1 =
|date_event1 =
|event2 =
|date_event2 =
|event3 =
|date_event3 =
|event4 =
|date_event4 =
|event_pre =
|date_pre =
|event_post =
|date_post =
|p1 = Neo-Assyrian Empire
|flag_p1 = Map of Assyria.png
|image_p1 =
|p2 =
|flag_p2 =
|p3 =
|flag_p3 =
|p4 =
|flag_p4 =
|p5 =
|flag_p5 =
|s1 = Achaemenid Empire
|flag_s1 = Standard of Cyrus the Great (Achaemenid Empire).svg
|image_s1 =
|s2 =
|flag_s2 =
|s3 =
|flag_s3 =
|s4 =
|flag_s4 =
|s5 =
|flag_s5 =
|image_flag =
|flag =
|flag_type =
|image_coat =
|symbol =
|symbol_type =
|image_map = Median Empire.jpg
|image_map_caption = A map of Median Empire; based on [[Herodotus]]
|capital = Ecbatana, modern [[Hamadan]]
|capital_exile =
|latd= |latm= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW=
|national_motto =
|national_anthem =
|common_languages = [[Median language]]
|religion = Old Iranian religion (related to [[Mithra]]ism, early [[Mazdaism]] or [[Zoroastrianism]])<!-- for sources see Medes#Religion -->
|currency =
|title_leader = [[List of kings of Persia|King]]
|leader1 = [[Deioces]] or [[Kashtariti]]<ref>[http://www.iranchamber.com/history/median/median.php Assyrian texts speak of a Kashtariti as the leader of a conglomerate group of Medes]</ref>
|year_leader1 = 678–665 BC
|leader2 = [[Phraortes]]
|year_leader2 = 665–633 BC
|leader3 = [[Cyaxares the Great]]
|year_leader3 = 625–585 BC
|leader4 = [[Astyages]]
|year_leader4 = 589–549 BC
|footnotes =
}}
{{History of Iran}}
[[Image:Persepolis Apadana noerdliche Treppe Detail.jpg|thumb|200px|The Apadana Palace, northern stairway (detail) - ancient 5th Century BCE bas-relief shows a Mede soldier in traditional Mede costume (behind Persian archer)]]
 
Ang '''Medes''' ({{IPAc-en|m|i|d|z}}){{#tag:ref|from [[OED]]'s entry: "Mede '' < classical Latin {{lang|la|Mēdus}} (usually as plural, {{lang|la|Mēdī}}) < ancient Greek (Attic and Ionic) {{lang|grc|Μῆδος}} (Cypriot ma-to-i {{lang|grc|Μᾶδοι}}, plural) < Old Persian {{lang|peo-Latn|Māda}}''"<ref>[[OED]] Online [http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/115629?rskey=kViil4&result=4 "entry Mede, n.".]:</ref>|group="N"}} (from [[Old Persian language|Old Persian]] {{lang|peo-Latn|''Māda-''}}) ay [[mga Sinaunang taong Iraniano|were an [[Ancient Iranian peoples|mga sinaunang taong Iraniano]]{{#tag:ref|A)"..and the Medes (Iranians of what is now north-west Iran).." {{EIEC|30}}. B) "Archaeological evidence for the religion of the Iranian-speaking Medes of the .." {{harv|Diakonoff|1985|p=140}}. C) ".. succeeded in uniting into a kingdom the many Iranian-speaking Median tribes" ( from Encyclopædia Britannica <ref name="EnBr">Encyclopædia Britannica Online [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/372125/Media Media (ancient region, Iran)]</ref>). D) "Proto-Iranian split into Western (Median, ancient Persian, and others) and Eastern (Scythian, Ossetic, Saka, Pamir and others)..." ({{citation| publisher = BRILL| isbn = 978-90-04-16054-5| last = Kuz'mina| first = Elena E.| others = J. P. Mallory (ed.)| title = The origin of the Indo-Iranians
| year = 2007|page=303}}) ...|group="N"}} na tumira sa [[Iran]]<!-- for specific location within Iran see Medes#Historical_geography_of_Media --> sa isang area na kilala bilang Media at nagsalita ng hilagang-kanlurang wikang Iraninano na tinutukoy na [[wikang Median]]. Ang kanilang pagdating sa rehiyon ay nauugnay sa unang alon ng mga tribong [[Iraniko]] noong huli nang [[ikalawang milenyo BCE]](ang [[pagguho ng Panahong Tanso]]) hanggang sa pagsisimula ng [[unang milenyo BCE]]. Mula ika-10 siglo BCE hanggang huling ika-7 siglo CE, ang mga Iranikong Medes at Persia ay nahulog sa ilalim ng pamumuno ng [[Imperyong Neo-Asiryo]] batay sa [[Mesopotamia]]. <ref>Georges Roux - Ancient Iraq</ref>
 
 
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