Pagkakaiba sa mga pagbabagong ng "Islamikong Estado"

walang buod ng pagbabago
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{{Infobox country
|status =
|conventional_long_name = IslamicIslamikong StateEstado
|native_name = {{native name|ar|الدولة الإسلامية|italics=off}}<br/>''{{transl|ar|ALA|ad-Dawlah al-ʾIslāmiyyah}}''
|national_motto = {{native phrase|ar|{{big|'''باقية وتتمدد}}|italics=off}}'''<br/>"Bāqiyah wa-Tatamaddad"&nbsp;{{small|([[transliterationtransliterasyon]])<br/>"RemainingNananatili andat ExpandingLumalaki"}}<ref name="national11june">{{cite news|work=[[The National (Abu Dhabi)|The National]]|last=Hassan|first=Hassan|url=http://www.thenational.ae/thenationalconversation/comment/political-reform-in-iraq-will-stem-the-rise-of-islamists#full|title=Political reform in Iraq will stem the rise of Islamists|date=11 June 2014|accessdate=18 June 2014}}</ref><ref name="carnegie12june">{{cite news|publisher=[[Carnegie Endowment for International Peace]]|last=Khatib|first=Lina|date=12 June 2014|url=http://carnegieendowment.org/2014/06/12/what-takeover-of-mosul-means-for-isis/hdng|title=What the Takeover of Mosul Means for ISIS|accessdate=18 June 2014}}</ref>
|image_map = Territorial control of the ISIS.svg
|map_caption = AsTeritoryong ofhawak 16ng AugustIslamikong Estado batay noong ika-20 ng Disyembre 2014
{{leftlegend|#c12838|Areas controlled by the Islamic State|outline=black}}
{{leftlegend|#e7dfc9|Areas claimed by the Islamic State|outline=black}}
|flag_border = no
|image_coat = Seal of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.png
|capital = [[Ar-Raqqah]], Syria[[Sirya]]<ref>{{cite news|publisher=[[Al-Monitor]]|url=http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/security/2014/06/syria-iraq-isis-invasions-strength.html|title=ISIS on offense in Iraq|date=10 June 2014|accessdate=11 June 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.businessinsider.com/how-did-isis-kidnap-james-foley-2014-8 |title=One Big Question Surrounds The Murder Of US Journalist James Foley By ISIS |work=Business Insider |last=Kelley|first=Michael B.|date=20 August 2014 |accessdate=20 August 2014 |quote="...the de facto ISIS capital of Raqqa, Syria..."}}</ref>
|latd=35|latm=57|lats=|latNS=N
|longd=39|longm=1|longs=|longEW=E
|government_type = [[IslamicIslamikong Caliphate|Islamic caliphate]]kalipato
|established_event1 = IslamicDeklarasyon Stateng ofIslamikong IraqEstado andng theIrak Levantat declaredLevant
|established_date1 = 9 April 2013<ref name="reuters090413">{{cite web|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/09/us-syria-crisis-nusra-iraq-idUSBRE93807R20130409|title=Iraqi al Qaeda wing merges with Syrian counterpart|publisher=Reuters|date=9 April 2013|accessdate=9 August 2014}}</ref>
|established_event3 = CaliphatePagkatatag declaredng kalipato
|established_date3 = 29 June 2014<ref name="newname"/>
|time_zone = [[Arabia Standard Time]]
|currency =
|calling_code = [[+963]] (Syria)<br/>[[+964]] (Iraq)
|leader_title1 = [[Caliph]]<ref name="newname"/>Pinuno
|leader_name1 = [[Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi|, ''Kalifa'' Ibrahim]]<ref name="Caliph Ibrahim">{{cite news|last1=Rubin|first1=Alissa J.|title=Militant Leader in Rare Appearance in Iraq|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/06/world/asia/iraq-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-sermon-video.html|accessdate=6 July 2014|work=[[The New York Times]]|date=5 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="Ibrahim">{{cite news|url=http://news.siteintelgroup.com/Jihadist-News/isis-spokesman-declares-caliphate-rebrands-group-as-islamic-state.html|title=ISIS Spokesman Declares Caliphate, Rebrands Group as Islamic State|date=29 June 2014|accessdate=29 June 2014|publisher=SITE Institute}}</ref>}}
Ang '''Islamikong Estado''' ({{lang-en|Islamic State}}, IS)([[wikang Arabe|''Arabe'']]: الدولة الإسلامية‎ ad-Dawlah al-ʾIslāmiyyah) na dating kilala bilang '''Islamikong Estado ng Irak at Levant''' ({{lang-en|Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant}}, ISIL) at '''Islamikong Estado ng Irak at Sirya''' ({{lang-en|Islamic State of Iraq and Syria}}, ISIS) ay isang hindi kinikilalang estadong [[jihad]]ista sa [[Gitnang Silangan]]. Ito ay itinuturing na teroristang samahan ng mga pamahalaang kanluranin gaya ng Estados Unidos, Canada, United Kingdom, Indonesia at marami pang iba.
{{Infobox war faction
 
|name = Islamic State
Dating kasapi ng teroristang grupong [[al-Qaeda]] bilang '''al-Qaeda sa Irak''' noong 2004, tumiwalag ang ngayo'y ISIS mula sa nasabing grupo, sanhi ng pagkastigo ng una sa huli ng hindi pagkonsulta sa kanila at ng kanilang "pagkaberdugo" noong Pebrero 2014. Bago pa man nito, nasa kanlurang [[Iraq|Irak]] ang kanilang teritoryong sinasakupan; noong 2013, umabot na sa [[Sirya]] ang kanilang sakop. Sanhi nito, naging Islamikong Estado ng Irak at Sirya ang pangalan ng grupo noong kaparehas na taon.
|native_name = {{native name|ar|الدولة الإسلامية|italics=off}}
 
|war = the [[Iraq War]], the [[War on Terror|Global War on Terrorism]], the [[Iraqi insurgency (2011–present)|Iraqi insurgency]], and the [[Syrian Civil War]]
Simula noong ika-29 ng Hunyo ng kaparehas na taon, ipinahayag ng grupo ang pandaigdigang [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/caliphate kalipato], habang si [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi] naman ang nagsisilbing ''kalifa'' nila sa pangalang ''Kalifa Ibrahim'', bagkus naging Islamikong Estado na lamang ang pangalan ng estado. Bilang kalipato, inaangkin ng grupo na pinamumunuan nila ang lahat ng mga Muslim sa daigdig.
|image = [[File:Flag of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.svg|border|200px]]
 
|caption = Flag of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Bilang pinakamalaking teroristang grupo sa daigdig, sa kasalukuyan mayroon silang tinatayang 200,000 terorista sa Irak at Sirya, habang may tinatayang 30,000 terorista naman ang meron sila sa [[Libya]], [[Ehipto]], [[Pakistan]], [[Afghanistan]], [[Algeria]], at sa [[Timog-Silangang Asya]], kabilang na ang [[Pilipinas]].
|active = 2004–present<ref name="ReferenceA"/><ref>{{cite news|title=Al-Qaeda chief disbands main jihadist faction in Syria: Al-Jazeera|url=http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/al-qaeda-chief-disbands-main-jihadist-faction-in-syria-al-jazeera.aspx?pageID=238&nID=57608&NewsCatID=352|accessdate=12 July 2014|work=[[Hurriyet Daily News]]|date=8 November 2013}}</ref> <small>(under various names)</small><ref name="ctc29May"/>
 
|ideology = [[Persecution of Shia Muslims|Anti-Shiaism]]<br/>[[Salafist Jihadism]]<br/>[[Wahhabi movement|Wahhabism]]<br/>[[Worldwide Caliphate]]
Kilala ang grupo sa kanilang madugong propaganda, kasali ang kanilang pampupugot ng mga ulo ng kanilang mga bihag na kanila namang inilalagay sa [[Internet]].
|leaders = {{plainlist}}
 
* [[Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi]] {{small|(Caliph)}}<ref name="newname"/>
* [[Abu Omar al-Shishani]] {{small|(Field Commander)}}<ref name="BBC090714">{{cite news|last1=Akhmeteli|first1=Nina|title=The Georgian roots of Isis commander Omar al-Shishani|date=9 July 2014|url=http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-28217590|accessdate=9 July 2014|work=[[BBC News Online]]}}</ref><ref name="BBC">{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-25151104|title=Syria crisis: Omar Shishani, Chechen jihadist leader|work=[[BBC News Online]]|date=3 December 2013|accessdate=8 December 2013}}</ref>
* [[Abu Mohammad al-Adnani]] <small>(Spokesman)</small><ref name="Here's What We Know About The 'Caliph' Of The New 'Islamic State'">{{cite news|title=Here's What We Know About the 'Caliph' of the New Islamic State|url=http://www.businessinsider.com/heres-what-we-know-about-the-caliph-of-the-new-islamic-state-2014-6|accessdate=18 July 2014|agency=[[Agence France-Presse]]|work=[[Business Insider]]|date=29 June 2014}}</ref>
{{endplainlist}}
|headquarters = [[ar-Raqqah]], Syria
|area = {{Plainlist}}
[[Iraq]]
[[Syria]]
[[Lebanon]]<ref name="ISISCNNLebanon"/><ref name="ISISBeirut"/>
|strength = 80,000 (up to 50,000 in Syria and 30,000 in Iraq)<ref name="ISForceAljazeera">{{cite news|title=Islamic State 'has 50,000 fighters in Syria'|url=http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/08/islamic-state-50000-fighters-syria-2014819184258421392.html|accessdate=19 August 2014|publisher=Aljazeera|date=19 August 2014}}</ref>
|partof = [[al-Qaeda]] (2004<ref name="JamestownFoundation20041018"/>–2014)<ref name="qaedaisil">{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-26016318|title=Al-Qaeda disavows ISIS militants in Syria|work=[[BBC News Online]]|date=3 February 2014|accessdate=3 February 2014}}</ref>
|previous =
Jama'at al-Tawhid wa-al-Jihad<br/>{{smaller|(The Organization of Monotheism and Jihad)}}<br/> al-Qaeda in Iraq<br/>
[[Mujahideen Shura Council (Iraq)|Mujahideen Shura Council]]<br/>
Islamic State of Iraq
|allies = {{plainlist}}
* [[Boko Haram]]
* [[Jemaah Islamiya]]<ref>{{cite web|last=Dean |first=Sarah |url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2730480/PM-Tony-Abbott-warns-Australians-new-threats-Indonesian-terror-group-Jemaah-Islamiyah-calls-James-Foleys-beheading-truly-sickening.html |title=PM Tony Abbott warns Australians of threats from Indonesian Jemaah Islamiyah group &#124; Mail Online |publisher=Dailymail.co.uk |deadurl=no |accessdate=23 August 2014}}</ref>
* [[al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/security/2014/07/aqim-declaration-support-isis-syria-maghreb.html# |title=Al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb backs ISIS - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East |publisher=Al-Monitor |deadurl=no |accessdate=23 August 2014}}</ref>
* [[al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula]]<ref>{{cite web|author=Bill O'Reilly |url=http://nation.foxnews.com/2014/08/19/al-qaeda-yemen-declares-support-isis |title=Al-Qaeda in Yemen Declares Support for ISIS - Fox Nation |publisher=Nation.foxnews.com |date=2006-10-01 |deadurl=no |accessdate=23 August 2014}}</ref>
* [[Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/375074/news/nation/biff-abu-sayyaf-pledge-allegiance-to-islamic-state-jihadists |title=BIFF, Abu Sayyaf pledge allegiance to Islamic State jihadists &#124; News &#124; GMA News Online |publisher=Gmanetwork.com |date=2014-08-16 |accessdate=2014-08-22}}</ref>
{{endplainlist}}
|opponents =
'''[[al-Qaeda]]'''
* [[al-Nusra Front]]<ref name="ANFront to stop fighting ISIS">{{cite news|url=http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2014/Jun-18/260556-isis-rebel-clashes-resume-in-deir-al-zor.ashx#axzz358EoAI1P|title=ISIS-rebel clashes resume in Deir al-Zor|date=18 June 2014|accessdate=20 June 2014|work=The Daily Star}}</ref>
*[[Ansar al-Islam]]<ref name="iraqiupdate">{{cite web|title=Key Updates on Iraq's Sunni Insurgent Groups|url=http://brown-moses.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/key-updates-on-iraqs-sunni-insurgent.html|author=Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi|publisher=Brown Moses blog|date=11 May 2014|accessdate=26 May 2014}}</ref>
'''[[Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region|Ba'ath Party Loyalists]]'''<ref>{{cite web|author=Category: POLITICS|url=http://english.shafaaq.com/index.php/politics/10630-baath-in-iraq-declares-war-on-isis|title="Outlawed Baath party in Iraq announced, the war against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria "ISIS" organization because of the last displacement of Christians"|publisher=English.shafaaq.com|date=2014-07-23|accessdate=2014-08-20}}</ref>
* [[Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order|Naqshbandi Army]]<ref>{{cite web|author=Category: POLITICS|url=http://english.shafaaq.com/index.php/politics/10630-baath-in-iraq-declares-war-on-isis|title=Baath in Iraq declares war on ISIS|publisher=English.shafaaq.com|date=2014-07-23|accessdate=2014-08-20}}</ref>
* [[Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation]]
* [[General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries]]<ref name="CEIP">{{cite web|last=Hassan|first=Hassan|url=http://carnegieendowment.org/sada/2014/06/17/more-than-isis-iraq-s-sunni-insurgency/hdvi|title=More Than ISIS, Iraq's Sunni Insurgency|website=Carnegie Endowment for International Peace|accessdate=20 June 2014|date=17 June 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Mahdi|first=Osama|title=Military Council of the rebels begin appointing conservative management control areas|url=http://www.elaph.com/Web/News/2014/6/913435.html|website=[[Elaph]]|date=13 June 2014|accessdate=21 August 2014}}</ref>
*[[Islamic Army in Iraq]]
'''[[Iran]]'''<ref>"[http://in.reuters.com/article/2014/08/03/iraq-security-iran-idINL6N0Q73ZU20140803 Iran's elite Guards fighting in Iraq to push back Islamic State]". Reuters. August 3, 2014.</ref>
*[[Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution|Islamic Revolutionary Guard]]
**[[Quds Force]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://weaselzippers.us/189490-iran-rushes-elite-quds-force-unit-to-iraq-to-help-government-stop-isis-advance/|title=Iran Rushes Elite Quds Force Unit To Iraq To Help Government Stop ISIS Advance|publisher=weaselzippers.us|date=11 June 2014|accessdate=18 June 2014}}</ref>
*[[Hezbollah]]<ref>{{cite web|last=Mortada|first=Radwan|title=Hezbollah fighters and the "jihadis": Mad, drugged, homicidal, and hungry|url=http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/hezbollah-fighters-and-jihadis-mad-drugged-homicidal-and-hungry|work=[[al Akhbar (Egypt)|al Akhbar]]|date=19 May 2014|accessdate=9 June 2014}}</ref>
'''[[Iraq]]'''
*[[Iraqi Armed Forces]]
*[[Special Groups (Iraq)|Iraqi Shia militias]]
*[[Iraqi Turkmen Front]]<ref>{{cite news|title=In Pictures: Tension in Kirkuk|url=http://www.aljazeera.com/story/201461812214954256|accessdate=18 July 2014|publisher=[[al Jazeera]]}} {{Dead link|date=July 2014}}</ref>
*[[Sons of Iraq|Awakening Councils]]
'''[[Kurdistan Regional Government|Kurdish forces]]'''
*[[Peshmerga]]
*[[People's Protection Units]]<ref>{{cite news|last=Ahmed|first=Raman|url=http://aranews.net/2014/07/isil-struggles-control-syrian-kurdish-areas/|title=ISIL struggles for control over Syrian Kurdish areas|agency=ARA News|date=8 July 2014|accessdate=9 July 2014}}</ref>
'''[[Syriac Military Council]]'''<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.syriacsnews.com/presence-mfs-border-iraq/|title=Presence of the MFS at the border of Iraq|publisher=Syriac International News Agency|date=16 June 2014|accessdate=30 July 2014}}</ref><br>
*[[Qaraqosh Protection Committee]]<ref>{{cite news|url=http://gulfnews.com/news/region/iraq/iraqi-christians-under-threat-yet-again-1.1361741|title=Iraqi Christians under threat yet again|last=Motlagh|first=Jason|work=[[Gulf News]]|agency=''[[The Washington Post]]''|date=20 July 2014|accessdate=8 August 2014}}</ref>
'''[[Syria]]'''<ref>http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/syria-conflict-president-assad-finally-turns-on-isis-as-government-steps-up-campaign-against-militant-strongholds-9679480.html"Syria conflict: President Assad finally turns on Isis"</ref>
*[[Syrian Armed Forces]]
'''[[Syrian Opposition]]'''<ref name="ni22april">{{cite web|last1=Mulcaire|first1=Jack|title=Aleppo: Syria's Stalingrad?|url=http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/aleppo-syrias-stalingrad-10320|date=22 April 2014|accessdate=29 April 2014|work=The National Interest}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-25606370|title=Al-Qaeda-linked Isis under attack in northern Syria|publisher=BBC News|date=4 January 2014|accessdate=15 January 2014}}</ref><ref name="ara13may">{{cite news|last=Muslim|first=Hana|url=http://aranews.net/2014/05/syria-rebels-struggle-for-control-over-isil-held-raqqa-2/|title=Syria rebels struggle for control over ISIL-held Raqqa|date=13 May 2014|publisher=ARA News|accessdate=16 May 2014}}</ref><br/>
*[[Free Syrian Army]]
*[[Syria Revolutionaries Front]]
*[[Islamic Front (Syria)|Islamic Front]]
*[[Army of Mujahedeen]]<ref name=AFP4Jan>{{cite news|url=http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/01/05/world/syria-rebels-unite-and-launch-new-revolt-against-jihadists/|title=Syria rebels unite and launch new revolt, against jihadists|publisher=AFP|date=4 January 2014|accessdate=28 April 2014}}</ref>
'''[[United States of America]]''' (aerial operations)<ref>{{cite news|last1=Sciutto|first1=Jim|last2=Schoichet|first2=Catherine E.|last3=Starr|first3=Barbara|title=Obama authorizes 'targeted airstrikes' in Iraq to counter militants|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/07/world/iraq-options/index.html?hpt=hp_t1|accessdate=8 August 2014|publisher=CNN|date=8 August 2014}}</ref><br/>
*[[United States Navy]]<ref>{{cite news|last1=Majumdar|first1=Dave|title=U.S. Navy Strikes ISIS Targets in Iraq|url=http://news.usni.org/2014/08/08/u-s-navy-strikes-isis-targets-iraq|accessdate=8 August 2014|publisher=USNI News|date=8 August 2014}}</ref>
'''[[Lebanon]]'''
*[[Lebanese Armed Forces]]<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/11011833/Islamic-State-seizes-territory-inside-Lebanon.html|title=Islamic State seizes territory inside Lebanon|work=[[The Daily Telegraph]]|date=4 August 2014}}</ref>
'''[[Turkey]]'''
*[[Turkish Armed Forces]] (border clashes)<ref name="Milliyet">{{cite web|title=TSK, IŞİD konvoyunu vurdu|url=http://dunya.milliyet.com.tr/tsk-isid-konvoyunu-vurdu/dunya/detay/1829349/default.htm|work=[[Milliyet]]|accessdate=1 February 2014}}</ref><ref name="DW">{{cite web|title=Türkiye IŞİD konvoyunu vurdu|url=http://www.dw.de/t%C3%BCrkiye-i%C5%9Fid-konvoyunu-vurdu/a-17395425|publisher=dw.de|accessdate=1 February 2014}}</ref><ref name="CNNTURK">{{cite web|title=TSK, Irak-Şam İslam Devleti Örgütü konvoyunu vurdu|url=http://www.cnnturk.com/haber/turkiye/tsk-irak-sam-islam-devleti-orgutu-konvoyunu-vurdu|publisher=[[CNN|CNN Turkey]]|accessdate=1 February 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.todayszaman.com/news-329101-turkish-army-returns-fire-from-al-qaeda-affiliated-fighters-on-syrian-border.html|title=Turkish army returns fire from al-Qaeda-affiliated fighters on Syrian border|work=Today's Zaman|date=16 October 2013|accessdate=18 December 2013}}</ref>
'''[[Saudi Arabia]]'''
*[[Saudi Armed Forces]] (border protection)<ref name="DTel"/>
'''[[Indonesia]]'''
*[[Indonesian National Police]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://manado.tribunnews.com/2014/08/11/densus-88-tangkap-aktivis-isis-dan-ketua-harian-jat|title=Densus 88 tangkap aktivis ISIS dan ketua harian JAT|publisher=tribunnews.com|date=11 August 2014|accessdate=14 August 2014}}</ref>
|
|battles = <nowiki/>
* [[Iraq War]]
** [[Al Anbar campaign]]
** [[Second Battle of Fallujah]]
** [[Civil war in Iraq (2006–07)]]<ref>{{cite news|url=http://now.mmedia.me/lb/en/nowsyrialatestnews/jihadists-push-syria-rebels-out-of-raqqa|title=Jihadists push Syria rebels out of Raqqa|publisher=NOW News|date=14 August 2013|accessdate=23 August 2014}}</ref>{{irrelevant citation|date=August 2014}}
* [[Iraqi insurgency (2011–present)|Iraqi Insurgency]]
** [[Operation al-Shabah]]
** [[Anbar campaign (2013–14)]]
** [[Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014)]]
* [[Northern Iraq offensive (August 2014)]]
** [[2014 American intervention in Iraq]]
** [[Sinjar massacre]]
* [[Syrian Civil War]]
** [[2013 Latakia offensive]]<ref name="lwj4april">{{cite news|url=http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/04/former_guantanamo_de_2.php|title=Former Guantanamo detainee killed while leading jihadist group in Syria|date=4 April 2014|accessdate=19 May 2014|work=The Long War Journal}}</ref>
** [[Syrian Kurdish–Islamist conflict (2013-present)|Syrian Kurdish–Islamist conflict]]<ref>{{cite news|title=En Syrie, les Kurdes infligent une cuisante défaite aux jihadistes|trans-title=In Syria, the Kurds inflict a crushing defeat on the jihadists|url=http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/824137/en-syrie-les-kurdes-infligent-une-cuisante-defaite-aux-jihadistes.html|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20131029191324/http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/824137/en-syrie-les-kurdes-infligent-une-cuisante-defaite-aux-jihadistes.html|archivedate=2013-10-29|accessdate=18 July 2014|work=L'Orient-Le Jour|date=18 July 2013}}</ref>
** [[Battle of Qalamoun]]<ref>{{cite news|last1=Prothero|first1=Mitchell|title=ISIS joins other rebels to thwart Syria regime push near Lebanon|url=http://www.sacbee.com/2014/03/04/6207631/isis-joins-other-rebels-to-thwart.html|accessdate=18 July 2014|work=[[The Sacramento Bee]]|agency=[[The McClatchy Company|McClatchy News]]|date=4 March 2014}}</ref>
** [[Inter-rebel conflict during the Syrian Civil War|Inter-rebel conflict in Syria]]
** [[Battle of Aleppo (2012–present)|Battle of Aleppo]]
** [[Deir ez-Zor clashes (2011–present)|Deir ez-Zor clashes]]
}}
Ang '''Islamic State''' (IS)( الدولة الإسلامية‎ ad-Dawlah al-ʾIslāmiyyah) na dating kilala bilang '''Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant''' at '''Islamic State of Iraq and Syria''' ('''ISIS''') ay isang hindi kinikilalang estadong [[jihad]]ista sa [[Gitnang Silangan]]. Ito ay itinuturing na teroristang samahan ng mga pamahalaang kanluranin gaya ng Estados Unidos, Canada, United Kingdom, Indonesia at marami pang iba.
==Sanggunian==
{{reflist}}
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