Pagkakaiba sa mga pagbabagong ng "Hypothalamus"

walang buod ng pagbabago
(Inilikha sa pagsalin ng pahinang "Hypothalamus")
 
{{Infobox Brain
| Name = Hypothalamus
| Latin = hypothalamus
| GraySubject = 189
| GrayPage = 812
| Image = LocationOfHypothalamus.jpg
| Caption = Lokasyon ng hypothalamus ng tao
| Image2 = 1806 The Hypothalamus-Pituitary Complex.jpg
| Caption2 = Lokasyon ng hypothalamus, kapag titignan ang pituitaryo at ang buong utak
| IsPartOf =
| Components =
| Artery =
| Vein =
| BrainInfoType = hier
| BrainInfoNumber = 358
| MeshName = Hypothalamus
| MeshNumber = A08.186.211.730.385.357
| NeuroLex = Hypothalamus
| NeuroLexID = birnlex_734
}}
 
Ang '''hypothalamus''' (mula sa [[Wikang Sinaunang Griyego|Griyego]] ὑπό, "ilalim" at θάλαμος, thalamus) ay isang bahagi ng [[utak]] na naglalaman ng mga maliit na nuclei na may ibat-iban<font style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">g</font> mga gawain. Isa sa pinaka-mahalagang gawain ng hypothalamus ay upang ikonekta ang sistemang nerbiyos sa [[sistemang endokrina]] sa pamamagitan ng ang [[glandulang pitwitaryo]] (hypophysis).
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|'''RegionRehiyon'''
|'''AreaLugar'''
|'''Nucleus'''
|'''FunctionGawain'''<ref>Unless else specified in table, then ref is: Guyton Twelfth Edition</ref>
|-
| rowspan="8" |Anterior
| Medial preoptic nucleus
|
* RegulatesNireregula theang releasepagpapalabas ofng gonadotropic hormoneshormone frommula thesa adenohypophysis
* ContainsNaglalaman theng sexually dimorphic nucleus, whichna releaseskung saan naglalabas ng GnRH, differentialang developmentpagbabagong betweenpagunlad sexessa ispagitan basedng uponkasarian inay uteronakabatay sa level ng testosterone levelsin utero
|-
| Supraoptic nucleus
| Anterior hypothalamic nucleus
|
* thermoregulasiyon
* thermoregulation
* panting
* [[Pawis|sweating]]
|
 
* Ritmong sirkadiyan
* Circadian rhythms
|-
| rowspan="2" |Lateral
|-
| Lateral nucleus
| SeeTignan ang [[Lateral hypothalamus#|Function]]primarypangunahing sourcepinagkukuhanan ofng orexin neurons throughoutsa thebuong brainutak andat spinal cord
|-
| rowspan="5" |Tuberal
|
* Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
* [[Pagkain (gawain)|feedingpagkain]]
* [[Dopamino|Dopamine]]-mediated prolactin inhibition
|-
| rowspan="2" | Lateral
| Lateral nucleus
| SeeTignan ang [[Lateral hypothalamus#|Function]]primarypangunahing sourcepinagkukuhanan ofng orexin neurons throughoutsa thebuong brainutak andat spinal cord
|-
| Lateral tuberal nuclei
|Mammillary nuclei (part of mammillary bodies)
|
* [[Alaala|memory]]
|-
| Posterior nucleus
|
* Increase blood pressure
* Dilasyong [[balintataw]]
* [[Balintataw|pupillary]] dilation
* shivering
* pagpapalabas ng vasopressin
* vasopressin release
|-
| rowspan="2" | Lateral
| Lateral nucleus
| SeeTignan ang [[Lateral hypothalamus#|Function]]primarypangunahing sourcepinagkukuhanan ofng orexin neurons throughoutsa thebuong brainutak andat spinal cord
|-
| Tuberomammillary nucleus<ref name="Histamine pathways">{{Padron:Cite book|author=Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE|editor=Sydor A, Brown RY|title=Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience|year=2009|publisher=McGraw-Hill Medical|location=New York|isbn=9780071481274|pages=175–176|edition=2nd|chapter=Chapter 6: Widely Projecting Systems: Monoamines, Acetylcholine, and Orexin|quote=Within the brain, histamine is synthesized exclusively by neurons with their cell bodies in the tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN) that lies within the posterior hypothalamus. There are approximately 64000 histaminergic neurons per side in humans. These cells project throughout the brain and spinal cord. Areas that receive especially dense projections include the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, neostriatum, nucleus accumbens, amygdala, and hypothalamus. &nbsp;... While the best characterized function of the histamine system in the brain is regulation of sleep and arousal, histamine is also involved in learning and memory&nbsp;... It also appears that histamine is involved in the regulation of feeding and energy balance.}}</ref>