Pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng mga pagbago ng "Lagos"

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m
isinalin ang mga petsa at inayos ang mga sanggunian
m (isinalin ang mga petsa at inayos ang mga sanggunian)
 
| image_flag = flag of Lagos.svg
| image_seal =
| nickname = ''Eko akete'', ''Lasgidi''<ref>{{cite news |url= http://premiumtimesng.com/sports/5817-18th-national-sports-festival-lagos-unveils-logo-mascot-and-website.html |title=18th National Sports Festival: Lagos unveils Logo, mascot and website |date=18 JuneHunyo 2012 |work=[[Premium Times]] |accessdate=2 OctoberOktubre 2012 |location= Abuja, Nigeria}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |url= http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/eko-2012-building-branding-through-sports/122890/ |title= Eko 2012: Building Branding through Sports, Articles |date=22 August 2012 |work=[[ThisDay]] |accessdate=2 OctoberOktubre 2012 |location=Lagos, Nigeria |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131224112111/http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/eko-2012-building-branding-through-sports/122890/ |archivedate= 24 DecemberDisyembre 2013 |df=dmy-all}}</ref>
| motto = ''Èkó ò ní bàjé o!''
| image_map = Location of Lagos.png
| subdivision_name = {{flag|Nigeria}}
| subdivision_type1 = [[Mga estado ng Nigeria|Estado]]
| subdivision_type2 = [[Mga lugar ng lokal na pamahalaan ng Nigeria|(Mga) LGA]]{{refn|group=note|Ang Kalakhang Lagos ay binubuo ng 16 sa 20 LGA ng Estado ng Lagos, na hindi kinabibilangan ng [[Badagry]], [[Epe, Estado ng Lagos|Epe]], [[Ibeju-Lekki]] at [[Ikorodu]].<ref name="metrolagospop">{{cite web |url= http://www.citypopulation.de/php/nigeria-metrolagos.php |title=Metro Lagos (Nigeria): Local Government Areas |publisher=City Population |date=21 MarchMarso 2015 |accessdate= 26 OctoberOktubre 2015}}</ref><ref name="metropolitan Lagos">{{cite web |url= https://ng.boell.org/2015/07/02/lagos-and-its-potentials-economic-growth |title=Lagos and Its Potentials for Economic Growth |date=2 JulyHulyo 2015 |accessdate= 26 OctoberOktubre 2015}}</ref>}}
| subdivision_name1 = [[Estado ng Lagos|Lagos]]
| subdivision_name2 = {{collapsible list |title=Talaan ng mga LGA
| established_title = Tinirahan
| established_date = Ika-15 na dantaon
| founder = Sub-pangkat na [[mga Awori]] ng [[mga Yoruba]]<ref name=urban>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com.ng/books?id=wKc5DQAAQBAJ&pg=PA427&dq=|page=427|title=Encyclopedia of Urban Studies|author= Ray Hutchison|publisher=SAGE|year=2009|isbn=978-1-412-9143-21}}</ref>
| seat_type =
| seat =
| population_total = 6,048,430
| population_as_of = Senso 2006
| population_footnotes = {{refn|group=note|Ang Kalakhang Lagos ay binubuo ng 16 sa 20 LGA ng Estado ng Lagos, na hindi kinabibilangan ng: [[Badagry]], [[Epe, Estado ng Lagos|Epe]], [[Ibeju-Lekki]] at [[Ikorodu]].<ref name="metrolagospop"/><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.citypopulation.de/php/nigeria-admin.php?adm1id=NGA025 | title=Lagos (State, Nigeria) | publisher=population.de | accessdate=25 JulyHulyo 2016}}</ref>}}
| population_density_km2 = 6,871
| population_est = 16,060,303<ref name="LASG">{{cite web |url= http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |title= Population-Lagos State |publisher=[[Lagos State Government]] |accessdate=21 FebruaryPebrero 2016 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20151018094514/http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |archive-date= 18 OctoberOktubre 2015}}</ref>
| pop_est_as_of = Pagtataya ng [[Lagos State Government|LASG]] noong 2012
| population_urban = 13,123,000<ref name=Demographia>{{cite book |author1=Demographia |title=Demographia World Urban Areas |date=JanuaryEnero 2015 |edition=11th |url= http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf |accessdate=2 MarchMarso 2015}}</ref>
| population_density_urban_km2 = 14,469
| population_metro = 21,000,000 (pagtataya)<ref name="Lagos State Government"/>
| demographics1_footnotes =
| demographics1_title1 =
| area_code = [[Mga bilang ng telepono sa Nigeria|010]]<ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=fwuQ71ZbaOcC&pg=PA87&redir_esc=y |title= Bradt Travel Guides |edition=3rd |publisher= Paperback |isbn=978-1-8416-2397-9 |first= Lizzie |last=Williams |page=87 |accessdate= 26 JulyHulyo 2014}}</ref>
| website =
| footnotes = {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}}
| demographics1_title3 =
| demographics1_info3 =
| gini = $5,360
| gini_year =
| gini_category = Newly Emerging Economy
| timezone = [[Oras ng Kanlurang Aprika|WAT]] (UTC+1)
| utc_offset = +1
<!-- Nagtatapos dito ang Infobox !-->
 
Ang '''Lagos''' ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|l|eɪ|ɡ|ɒ|s}};<ref>{{cite web |url= http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/lagos |title=Lagos |publisher= Oxford Dictionary |accessdate=28 NovemberNobyembre 2015}}</ref> {{Lang-yo|Èkó}}) ay isang [[lungsod]] sa [[Estado ng Nigeria|estado]] ng [[Estado ng Lagos|Lagos]], [[Nigeria]]. Kasama ang karugtong nitong ''[[conurbation]]'',ang lungsod ay [[Talaan ng mga lungsod sa Nigeria#Talaan ng mga lungsod ayon sa populasyon|ang pinakamatao sa Nigeria]] at sa [[Aprika|kontinente ng Aprika]]. Isa ito sa pinakamabilis na lumalagong lungsod sa mundo<ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=tk5TP7bsXnkC&pg=PA202&dq= |title=African Cities Driving the NEPAD Initiative |agency= UN-HABITAT |year=2006 |isbn= 978-9-211318159 |page=202}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=sMnj88kYVmcC&pg=PT60&dq= |title=Key Concepts in Creative Industries |page=47 |author1= John Hartley |author2=Jason Potts |author3=Terry Flew|author4= Stuart Cunningham |author5= Michael Keane|author6= John Banks |publisher= SAGE |year=2012 |isbn=978-1-446-2028-90}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=wQJb1QpZz_4C&pg=PA118&dq= |title=Cultures and Globalization: Cities, Cultural Policy and Governance |page=118 |author1=Helmut K Anheier |author2=Yudhishthir Raj Isar |publisher= SAGE |year=2012 |isbn=978-1-446-2585-07}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=oy-de29AtvYC&pg=PA163 |title=Hidden Innovation: Policy, Industry and the Creative Sector (Creative Economy and Innovation Culture Se Series) |author=Stuart Cunningham |publisher= Univ. of Queensland Press |page=163 |year=2013 |isbn= 978-0-702-2509-89}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=rQ_ZLuqZT54C&pg=PA71&dq= |title=Cities and Nature |page=7 |publisher=Routledge Critical Introductions to Urbanism and the City |author1= Lisa Benton-Short |author2=John Rennie Short |year=2013 |isbn=978-1-134252749}}</ref><ref name=afropolis>{{cite web |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=9lcn62brtGQC&pg=PA18&dq=|title=Afropolis: City Media Art |author1=Kerstin Pinther |author2=Larissa Förster |author3=Christian Hanussek|publisher=Jacana Media |year=2012 |page=18|isbn=978-1-431-4032-57}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=8JPIAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA66&dq= |title=The Land/Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone of West and Central Africa Estuaries of the World |author1=Salif Diop |author2= Jean-Paul Barusseau |page=66 |author3=Cyr Descamps |publisher=Springer |year=2014 |isbn=978-3-319-0638-81}}</ref> at isa sa pinakamataong mga [[pook urbano]].<ref>{{cite news |url= https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/08/opinion/what-makes-lagos-a-model-city.html?_r=0 |title= What Makes Lagos a Model City |newspaper=New York Times |date=7 JanuaryEnero 2014 |accessdate=16 MarchMarso 2015}}</ref><ref name="John Campbell">{{cite news |url= https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/07/this-is-africas-new-biggest-city-lagos-nigeria-population-25-million/259611/ |title= This Is Africa's New Biggest City: Lagos, Nigeria, Population 21 Million |author=John Campbell |date=10 JulyHulyo 2012 |work=The Atlantic |location= Washington DC |accessdate= 23 SeptemberSetyembre 2012}}</ref> Ang Lagos ay isang pangunahing [[sentro ng pananalapi]] sa Aprika; ang ''[[megacity]]'' ay may pang-apat na pinakamataas na GDP sa Aprika<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://bigthink.com/strange-maps/richest-cities-in-africa|title=These cities are the hubs of Africa’s economic boom|date=2018-10-04|website=Big Think|language=enIngles|access-date=2019-04-23}}</ref><ref name="metropolitan Lagos"/> at naririto ang isa sa [[Apapa|pinakamalaki at pinakamaabalang mga pantalang pandagat]] sa kontinente.<ref>{{cite web | url= http://businesstech.co.za/news/general/81995/africas-biggest-shipping-ports/ |title= Africa's biggest shipping ports |publisher= Businesstech |date=8 March 2015 |accessdate= 26 OctoberOktubre 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=E-VwMKQlGjIC |title=Africa, Volume 1 of Cities of the World: a compilation of current information on cultural, geographical, and political conditions in the countries and cities of six continents, based on the Department of State's "post reports" |author1=Brian Rajewski |publisher=Gale Research International, Limited |year=1998 |isbn= 978-0-810-3769-22}}</ref><ref name=global>{{cite book |url= https://books.google.com/books?id=Lzt7BgAAQBAJ&pg=PA315&dq= |page=315 |title= Global Gentrifications: Uneven Development and Displacement |author1=Loretta Lees |author2= Hyun Bang Shin |author3= Ernesto López Morales |publisher=Policy Press |year=2015 |isbn=978-1-447-3134-89}}</ref>
 
Unang lumitaw ang Lagos bilang isang [[pantalang lungsod]] na nagsimula sa isang kumpól ng mga pulo, na nakapaloob sa kasalukuyang mga pook ng lokal na pamahalan ([[Talaan ng mga pook ng lokal na pamahalaan ng Estado ng Lagos ayon sa populasyon|mga LGA]]) ng [[Pulo ng Lagos]], [[Eti-Osa]], [[Amuwo-Odofin]] at [[Apapa]]. Ang mga pulo ay hinihiwalay ng [[Wawa|mga sapa]] na nakagilid sa timog-kanlurang bunganga ng [[Danaw ng Lagos]], habang nakaprotekta ito mula sa Karagatang Atlantiko sa pamamagitan ng mga [[pulong barrera]] at ng mahabang mga ''[[sand spit]]'' tulad ng Bar Beach na umaabot nang 100 kilometro (62 milya) sa silangan at sa kanluran ng bunganga. Dahil sa mabilis na urbanisasyon, lumawak ang lungsod pakanluran ng danaw upang masama ang mga lugar sa kasalukuyang [[Kalupaang Lagos]], [[Ajeromi-Ifelodun]] at [[Surulere]]. Nagbunga ito sa klasipikasyon ng Lagos sa dalawang pangunahing mga lugar: ang ''[[Lagos#Island|Island]]'' na unang lungsod ng Lagos bago lumawak ito sa pook na kilala bilang ''[[Lagos#Kalupaan|Mainland]]''.<ref name="Lagos Case Study">{{cite web |url= http://water.tkk.fi/wr/tutkimus/glob/publications/Haapala/pdf-files/CASE%20STUDY%20OF%20LAGOS.pdf |title= CASE STUDY OF LAGOS |accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20160304195932/http://water.tkk.fi/wr/tutkimus/glob/publications/Haapala/pdf-files/CASE%20STUDY%20OF%20LAGOS.pdf |archivedate= 4 MarchMarso 2016 |df=dmy-all }}</ref> Ang lugar ng lungsod na ito ay tuwirang pinamamahalaan ng Pamahalaang Pederal sa pamamagitan ng ''Konsehong Panlungsod ng Lagos'', hanggang sa itinatag ang [[Estado ng Lagos]] noong 1967 na nagbunga sa paghihiwalay ng lungsod ng Lagos sa kasalukuyang pitong [[Talaan ng mga pook ng lokal na pamahalaan ng Estado ng Lagos ayon sa populasyon|mga Pook ng Lokal na Pamahalaan]] o ''Local Government Areas'' (''LGAs''), at ang pagdagdag ng ibang mga bayan (na ngayon ay bumubuo sa 13 mga LGA) mula sa noo'y ''[[Western Region, Nigeria|Western Region]]'', upang mabuo ang estado.<ref name="Lagos State Information"/>
 
Ang Lagos na pederal na kabisera ng Nigeria mula nang sinama nito noong 1914 ay naging kabisera ng [[Estado ng Lagos]] pagkaraan ng pagtatag nito. Ngunit ang pang-estadong kabisera ay inilipat sa [[Ikeja]] noong 1976, at sa [[Abuja]] naman ang pederal na kabisera noong 1991. Kahit na malawakang tinutukoy pa ring isang "lungsod" ang Lagos, ang kasalukuyang Lagos na kilala rin bilang "'''Kalakhang Lagos'''" at opisyal na "'''Kalakhang Pook ng Lagos'''" ({{lang-en|Lagos Metropolitan Area}})<ref>{{cite web | url=https://ng.boell.org/2014/07/29/flood-free-lagos-regional-imperative | title=A Flood-Free Lagos: The Regional Imperative | accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://online.liverpooluniversitypress.co.uk/doi/abs/10.3828/lhr.61.1.49 | title=The Travails of Migrant and Wage Labour in the Lagos Metropolitan Area in the Inter-War Years | publisher=Liverpool University Press | accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015 | author=Olukoju, Ayodeji}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.nzdl.org/gsdlmod?e=d-00000-00---off-0hdl--00-0----0-10-0---0---0direct-10---4-------0-1l--11-en-50---20-about---00-0-1-00-0--4----0-0-11-10-0utfZz-8-00&a=d&cl=CL1.12&d=HASH2fc4be0b5391fe0cf5027a.5.fc | title=Lagos Metropolitan Area: Scope and scale of the shelter problem | accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015}}</ref> ay isang [[aglomerasyong urbano]] o ''[[conurbation]]'',<ref>{{cite web | url=http://goarticles.com/article/Lagos-is-wonderful-and-charming-conurbation-of-Nigeria-to-visit/6185807/ | title=Lagos is wonderful and charming conurbation of Nigeria to visit | publisher=Go Articles | date=6 MarchMarso 2012 | accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015 | author=Caprio, Charles}}</ref> na binubuo ng 20 mga LGA, 32 mga LCDA kasama ang [[Ikeja]] na kabisera ng estado ng Lagos.<ref name="metropolitan Lagos"/><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.nigeriacongress.org/FGN/administrative/statedetails.asp?state=lagos | title=Administrative Levels - Lagos State | publisher=Nigeria Congress | accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20051225234623/http://www.nigeriacongress.org/fgn/administrative/statedetails.asp?state=Lagos | archivedate=25 DecemberDisyembre 2005 | df=dmy-all }}</ref> Bumubuo lamang ang ''conurbation'' sa 37% ng kabuuang lawak ng lupa ng estado, ngunit tinitirhan ng humigit-kumulang na 85% ng kabuuang populasyon ng estado.<ref name="metropolitan Lagos"/><ref name="Lagos State Information">{{cite web | url=http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/information/details/Lagos | title=Lagos State Information | publisher=National Bureau of Statistics | accessdate=25 OctoberOktubre 2015 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151109140122/http://nigerianstat.gov.ng/information/details/Lagos | archivedate=9 NovemberNobyembre 2015 | df=dmy-all }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |title=Population - Lagos State |publisher=[[Lagos State Government]] |accessdate=27 NovemberNobyembre 2015 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151018094514/http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |archivedate=18 OctoberOktubre 2015 |df= }}</ref>
 
Pinagtatalunan ang eksaktong bilang ng populasyon ng Kalakhang Lagos. Ayon sa datos ng pederal na senso noong 2006, ang ''conurbation'' ay may kabuuang populasyon ng humigit-kumulang 8 milyong katao.<ref name=Metropolitan_Lagos_population>Summing the 16 LGAs making up Metropolitan Lagos (Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Alimosho, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Eti-Osa, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ikeja, Kosofe, Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Mushin, Ojo, Oshodi-Isolo, Shomolu, Surulere) as per:<br/>{{cite web|url=http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nbsapps/Connections/Pop2006.pdf |title=2006 Population Census |date=Mayo 2007 |publisher=National Bureau of Statistics of Nigeria |accessdate=14 Setyembre 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110626113456/http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nbsapps/Connections/Pop2006.pdf |archivedate=26 Hunyo 2011 |df= }}</ref> Subalit pinagtalunan ito ng [[Pamahalaang Estado ng Lagos]] na naglabas ng sarili nitong datos ng populasyon paglaon. Ayon dito, nasa humigit-kumulang 16 milyong katao ang populasyon ng Lagos.{{refn|group=note|Ang Kalakhang Lagos ay binubuo ng 16 sa 20 LGA ng Estado ng Lagos, na hindi kinabibilangan ng [[Badagry]], [[Epe, Estado ng Lagos|Epe]], [[Ibeju-Lekki]] at [[Ikorodu]].<ref name="metrolagospop"/><ref name="Lagos State Government">{{cite web|url=http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |title=Population-Lagos State |publisher=[[Lagos State Government]] |accessdate=21 February 2016 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151018094514/http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |archivedate=18 OctoberOktubre 2015 |df= }}</ref>}} Magmula noong 2015, inilalagay ng hindi opisyal na mga bilang ang populasyon ng "'''Malawakang Kalakhang Lagos'''" ({{lang-en|Greater Metropolitan Lagos}}), na kinabibilangan ng Lagos at nakapalibot nitong kalakhang pook na umaabot sa malayong dako sa [[Estado ng Ogun]], sa humigit-kumulang 21 milyong katao.<ref name="metrolagospop"/><ref name="Lagos State Information"/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |publisher=Lagos State Government |title=Population |year=2011 |accessdate=3 NovemberNobyembre 2012 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151018094514/http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/pagelinks.php?p=6 |archivedate=18 OctoberOktubre 2015 |df= }}</ref><ref name="The sustainable city">{{cite book | url=https://books.google.com.ng/books?id=wmk3mCrMDTQC&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=153,540+hectares&source=bl&ots=YvhP_gLLtJ&sig=pahpYsMVHv76v0sodUok-_mrPh4&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=153%2C540%20hectares&f=false | title=The Sustainable City VII: Urban Regeneration and Sustainability | year=2012}}</ref>
 
==Mga pandaigdigang ugnayan==
{{See also|Talaan ng mga kambal at kapatid na lungsod sa Aprika#Nigeria|l1=Talaan ng mga kambal at kapatid na lungsod sa Nigeria}}
 
[[Mga kambal at kapatid na lungsod|Magkakambal]] ang Lagos sa:<ref name=SC>{{cite web |url=http://www.sister-cities.org/interactive-map/Lagos,%20Nigeria |publisher=SisterCities International |title=Lagos, Nigeria |location=Washington DC, USA |accessdate=2015-03-28 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140714171311/http://www.sister-cities.org/interactive-map/Lagos,%20Nigeria |archive-date=14 JulyHulyo 2014 |dead-url=yes |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
*{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gary, Indiana]], Estados Unidos, mula noong 1991<ref name=SC/><ref>{{cite news |url=https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/19703233/ |date=25 NovemberNobyembre 1991 |title=The Kokomo Tribune from Kokomo, Indiana · Page 21 |journal=The Kokomo Tribune |location=Kokomo, Indiana |page=21 |format=PDF |accessdate=2015-03-28 |via=Newspapers.com (Lindon, UT, USA)}}</ref>
*{{flagicon|USA}} [[Atlanta, Georgia]], Estados Unidos, mula noong 1974<ref name=SC/>
 
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