Pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng mga pagbago ng "Grace White Sherwood"

walang buod ng pagbabago
 
 
Noong Hulyo 10, 2006, ang ika-300 na anibersaryo ng paniniwala ni Sherwood, si [[Gobernador ng Virginia | Gobernador]] [[Tim Kaine]] ay nagbigay ng isang impormal na [[kapatawaran]] upang "opisyal na ibalik ang [kanyang] mabuting pangalan", kinikilala na siya ay mali na nahatulan. Isang estatwa na naglalarawan sa kanya ay itinayo malapit sa [[Sistemang Pangkalusugan ng Sentara| Kalayaan ng Sentara]] sa Independence Boulevard sa Virginia Beach, malapit sa site ng kolonyal na korte kung saan siya sinubukan. Siya ay kinulit sa tabi ng isang [[raccoon]], na kumakatawan sa kanyang pag-ibig sa mga hayop, at nagdadala ng isang basket na naglalaman ng [[bawang]] at [[rosemary]], bilang pagkilala sa kanyang kaalaman sa [[herbalismo| herbal na panggagamot]].
 
==Mga sanggunian==
 
===Mga pagbanggit===
{{reflist|colwidth=30em}}
 
=== Bibliograpiya ===
{{refbegin|30em}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Adams|2009}} |url=http://hamptonroads.com/2009/05/whats-name-virginia-beachs-witchduck-road |title=What's in a name? Virginia Beach's Witchduck Road |last=Adams |first=Kathy |date=June 1, 2009 |work=[[The Virginian-Pilot]] |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Barisic|2006}} |url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/10/AR2006071000495.html |title=Va. Gov. Gives Informal Pardon to Witch |last=Barisic |first=Sonja |date=July 10, 2006 |newspaper=[[The Washington Post]] |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Batts|2007}} |url=http://hamptonroads.com/node/241271 |title=Statue of exonerated 'Witch of Pungo' finds place to rest |last=Batts |first=Denise Watson |date=March 24, 2007 |work=The Virginian-Pilot |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Batts|2006}} |url=http://hamptonroads.com/node/124641 |title=''Witch of Pungo'' pardoned by governor after 300 years |last=Batts |first=Denise Watson |date=July 10, 2006 |work=The Virginian-Pilot |accessdate=August 10, 2013}}
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Burr |first=George Lincoln |title=Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases 1648–1706 |url=http://infomotions.com/etexts/archive/ia331315.us.archive.org/1/items/narrativesofwitc00burriala/narrativesofwitc00burriala_djvu.htm |year=1914 |publisher=[[Charles Scribner's Sons]] |location=New York |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100820085607/http://infomotions.com/etexts/archive/ia331315.us.archive.org/1/items/narrativesofwitc00burriala/narrativesofwitc00burriala_djvu.htm |archivedate=2010-08-20 }}
* {{cite journal |ref=harv |last=Burstein |first=Sona Rose |title=Some Modern Books on Witchcraft |volume=72 |journal=Folklore |publisher=Folklore Society |location=London |date=September 1961 |jstor=1258580 |issue=3 |doi=10.1080/0015587X.1961.9717297 |pages=520}}
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|Butler|1979}} |last=Butler |first=Jon |authorlink=Jon Butler |title=Magic, Astrology, and the Early American Religious Heritage, 1600-1760 |journal=[[The American Historical Review]] |volume=84 |date=April 1979 |publisher=[[Oxford University Press]] on behalf of the [[American Historical Association]] |location=Oxford |jstor=1855136 |issue=2 |doi=10.2307/1855136 |pages=317–46 |pmid=11610526}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Campbell|1934}} |url=http://richmondthenandnow.com/Newspaper-Articles/Witch-Grace-Sherwood.html |title=When Virginia Ducked Milady Witch |last=Campbell |first=Beverly |date=December 30, 1934 |work=[[Richmond Times-Dispatch]] |accessdate=August 5, 2013 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131029231535/http://richmondthenandnow.com/Newspaper-Articles/Witch-Grace-Sherwood.html |archivedate=October 29, 2013 }}
* {{cite news |ref=harv |last=Cleavelin |first=Mary Beth |url=http://hamptonroads.com/2014/07/witch-pungos-church-dedicates-marker-her |title=Witch of Pungo's church dedicates marker to her |publisher=hamptonroads.com |year=2014 |accessdate=October 22, 2014}}
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Cushing |first=Jonathan Peter |year=1833 |chapter=Record of the Trial of Grace Sherwood in 1705 Princess Anne County for Witchcraft |title=Collections of the Virginia Historical and Philosophical Society |url=https://books.google.com/?id=XEYUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA71&lpg=PA71&dq=cushing+record+of+the+trial+for+grace+sherwood#v=onepage&q=cushing%20record%20of%20the%20trial%20for%20grace%20sherwood&f=false |volume=95 |publisher=[[Virginia Historical Society|Virginia Historical and Philosophical Society]] |location=Richmond, VA}} ''Note: includes transcripts of legal proceedings.''
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Chewning |first=Alpheus J. |title=Haunted Virginia Beach |url=https://books.google.com/?id=B7Bm8-sw6JEC |year=2006 |publisher=History Press |location=Charleston, SC |isbn=978-1-59629-188-1}}
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|Davis|1957}} |last=Davis |first=Richard Beale |title=The Devil in Virginia in the Seventeenth Century |journal=The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography |volume=65 |date=April 1979 |publisher=Virginia Historical Society |location=Richmond, VA |jstor=4246295 |issue=2| pages=131–47}}
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Department of Public Libraries |title=The Beach: A History of Virginia Beach, Virginia |url=https://archive.org/stream/beachhistoryofvi00unse#page/28/mode/2up/search/sherwood |edition=3rd |year=2006 |publisher=City of Virginia Beach |location=Virginia Beach, VA |isbn=978-0-9779570-0-2 |chapter=4. Witches and Witchcraft}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Dunphy|1994}} |title=Rural Charm Meets City Splendor |last=Dunphy |first=Janet |date=August 13, 1994 |newspaper=The Virginian-Pilot |publisher=Landmark Communications}}
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Gibson |first=Marion |title=Witchcraft Myths in American Culture |year=2007 |publisher=Routledge |location=Milton Park, Abingdon |isbn=978-0-415-97977-1}}
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Hill |first=Christopher |title=The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas during the English Revolution |url=https://archive.org/details/worldturnedupsid00hill |url-access=registration |year=1972 |publisher=[[Viking Press]] |location=New York |isbn=0-14-013732-7}}
* {{cite book |last=Hume |first=Ivor Noël |title=Something from the Cellar |url=https://books.google.com/?id=e288zhVyuWsC&pg=PA89 |year=2005 |publisher=Colonial Williamsburg Foundation |location=Williamsburg, VA |isbn=978-0-87935-229-5 |ref=harv}}
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|James|1894 Oct}} |last=James |first=Edward W. |date=October 1894 |title=Grace Sherwood, the Virginia Witch |journal=[[William and Mary Quarterly]] |publisher=College of William and Mary |location=Williamsburg, VA |volume=3 |issue=2 |jstor=1914583}} ''Note: includes transcripts of legal proceedings.''
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|James|1895 Jan}} |last=James |first=Edward W. |date=January 1895 |title=Grace Sherwood, the Virginia Witch |journal=William and Mary Quarterly |publisher=College of William and Mary |location=Williamsburg, VA |volume=3 |issue=3 |jstor=1914774}} ''Note: includes transcripts of legal proceedings.''
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|James|1895 Apr}} |last=James |first=Edward W. |date=April 1895 |title=Grace Sherwood, the Virginia Witch |journal=William and Mary Quarterly |publisher=College of William and Mary |location=Williamsburg, VA |volume=3 |issue=4 |jstor=1915288}} ''Note: includes transcripts of legal proceedings.''
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|James|1895 Jul}} |last=James |first=Edward W. |date=July 1895 |title=Grace Sherwood, the Virginia Witch |journal=William and Mary Quarterly
|publisher=College of William and Mary |location=Williamsburg, VA |volume=4 |issue=1 |jstor=1916177}} ''Note: includes transcripts of legal proceedings.''
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last1=Nash |first1=Belinda |last2=Sheets |first2=Danielle |title=A Place in Time: The Age of the Witch of Pungo |year=2012 |publisher=W. S. Dawson Company |location=Virginia Beach, VA |isbn=1-57000-107-3}}
* {{cite web|ref=harv |last1=Murphy|first1=Sharon Ann|title=Early American Colonists Had a Cash Problem. Here's How They Solved It|url=http://time.com/4675303/money-colonial-america-currency-history/|website=Time|accessdate=July 11, 2017|date=February 27, 2017}}
* {{cite thesis |ref={{sfnRef|Newman|2009}} |degree=MA (History) |title=Under an Ill Tongue: Witchcraft and Religion in Seventeenth-Century Virginia |last=Newman |first=Lindsey M. |date=April 3, 2009 |format=PDF |publisher=[[Virginia Tech|Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University]] |accessdate=August 5, 2013 |url=http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04092009-110353/unrestricted/LMNewmanThesis1.pdf |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120331212039/http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04092009-110353/unrestricted/LMNewmanThesis1.pdf |archivedate=March 31, 2012 }}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Ruegsegger|1999}} |url=https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1298&dat=19991030&id=uS4zAAAAIBAJ&sjid=gggGAAAAIBAJ&pg=3940,8271057 |title=Virginia's 'Witch of Pungo': Accused Remembered as Colony's Joan of Arc |last=Ruegsegger |first=Bob |date=October 30, 1999 |work=[[The Free Lance–Star]] |accessdate=August 20, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Seltzer|2013}} |url=http://www.samizdat.com/sherwood/ |title=Grace Sherwood, the witch of Virginia |last=Seltzer |first=Richard |publisher=Samizdat |accessdate=August 5, 2013 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140725231435/http://www.samizdat.com/sherwood/ |archivedate=July 25, 2014 }} ''Note: this is a transcript in modern English, with shorthand expanded, of the Burr book.''
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|Shapira|2006}} |url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/11/AR2006071101218.html |title=After Toil and Trouble, 'Witch' Is Cleared |last=Shapira |first=Ian |newspaper=The Washington Post |date=July 12, 2006 |accessdate=August 10, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Witkowski|2012}} |url=http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Sherwood_Grace_ca_1660-1740 |title=Grace Sherwood (ca. 1660–1740) |work=Encyclopedia Virginia |publisher=[[Virginia Foundation for the Humanities]] |last=Witkowski |first=Monica C. |date=August 15, 2012 |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Yarsinske |first1=Amy Waters |title=Virginia Beach: A History of Virginia's Golden Shore |year=2002 |publisher=[[Arcadia Publishing]] |location=Charleston, SC |isbn=978-0-7385-2402-3}}
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|Good Luck Horseshoe|1909}} |year=1909 |title=The Good Luck Horseshoe |journal=William and Mary Quarterly |publisher=College of William and Mary |location=Williamsburg, VA |volume=17 |issue=4 |jstor=1915528}}
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|Harpers|1884}} |date=June–November 1884 |title=Grace Sherwood – The One Virginia Witch |journal=Harper's New Monthly Magazine |publisher=[[Harper (publisher)|Harper & Brothers]] |location=New York |volume=69 |url=https://books.google.com/?id=BPEvAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA99&lpg=PA99&dq=grace+sherwood+light#v=onepage&q=grace%20sherwood%20light&f=false}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Virginia Beach Historical Society|2001}} |url=http://www.virginiabeachhistory.org/kyle.html |title=Grace Sherwood & ''The Witch of Pungo'' |publisher=Princess Anne County/Virginia Beach Historical Society |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Old Donation Episcopal Church|2010}} |url=http://www.olddonation.org/index.php?page=grace-sherwood---a-unique-story |title=Grace Sherwood – the Witch of Pungo (1660–1740) |year=2010 |publisher=Old Donation Episcopal Church |archivedate=April 12, 2012 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120412035254/http://www.olddonation.org/index.php?page=grace-sherwood---a-unique-story |accessdate=August 15, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Virginia Beach.com|2009}} |url=http://www.virginiabeach.com/articles/haunting-witchduck-road |title=The Haunting of Witchduck Road |publisher=Virginiabeach.com |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Interstate Guide|2013}} |url=http://www.interstate-guide.com/i-264_va.html |title=Interstate 264 Virginia |publisher=Interstate Guide |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Wethersfield Historical Society|2012}} |url=http://www.wethhist.org/articles-from-the-community/2012/06/pardoning-the-witches.html |title=Pardoning the Witches |date=June 20, 2012 |publisher=Wethersfield Historical Society |accessdate=August 10, 2013 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131103175901/http://www.wethhist.org/articles-from-the-community/2012/06/pardoning-the-witches.html |archivedate=November 3, 2013 }}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Virginia Beach Historical Society|2001a}} |url=http://virginiabeachhistory.org/pungohistory.html |title=Pungo |publisher=Princess Anne County/Virginia Beach Historical Society |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite news |ref={{sfnRef|USA Today|2006}} |url=https://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-09-witch-pungo_x.htm |title=Va. Woman Seeks to Clear Witch of Pungo |date=July 9, 2006 |work=[[USA Today]] |agency=Associated Press |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Virginia Beach.com|2013}} |url=http://www.vabeach.com/virginia-beach-history/ |title=Virginia Beach History Guide |publisher=Vabeach.com |accessdate=August 5, 2013}}
* {{cite web |ref={{sfnRef|Virginia Historical Society|2006}} |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121113084350/http://vahistorical.org/news/gracesherwood.htm |archivedate=November 13, 2012 |url=http://www.vahistorical.org/news/gracesherwood.htm |title=The Witch of Pungo: 300 Years After Her Conviction, Governor Restores Grace Sherwood's Good Name |year=2006 |publisher=Virginia Historical Society |accessdate=August 17, 2013}}
* {{cite journal |ref={{sfnRef|The William and Mary Quarterly|1893}} |date=January 1893 |title=Witchcraft in Virginia |journal=William and Mary Quarterly |publisher=College of William and Mary |location=Williamsburg, VA |volume=1 |issue=3 |jstor=1939689}}
{{refend}}
 
== Mababasa pa lalo ==
* {{cite book |last=Bond |first=Edward |title=Damned Souls in a Tobacco Colony: Religion in Seventeenth-Century Virginia |year=2000 |publisher=[[Mercer University Press]] |location=Macon, GA |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=L0xrCWUuyicC |isbn=0-86554-708-4}}
* {{cite book |last1=Gilbert |first1=Lillie |last2=Nash |first2=Belinda |last3=Norred-Williams |first3=Deni |title=Ghosts, Witches & Weird Tales Of Virginia Beach |year=2004 |publisher=Eco Images |location=Virginia Beach, VA |isbn=0-938423-12-6}}
* {{cite news |last1=Hardy |first1=Michael |last2=Geroux |first2=Bill |date=July 11, 2006 |url= |title=Ding dong, the stigma's gone |work=[[Richmond Times-Dispatch]]}}
* {{cite book |last=Kyle |first=Louisa Venable |authorlink=Louisa Venable Kyle |title=The Witch of Pungo, and Other Historical Stories of the Early Colonies |date=November 1973 |publisher=Four O'Clock Farms |location=Virginia Beach, VA |isbn=978-0-927044-00-4}}
* {{cite journal |last=Levermore |first=C. H. |last2=Burr |first2=George L. |last3=Jameson |first3=J. Franklin |date=October 1914 |title=Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases, 1648-1706 by George L. Burr |journal=American Historical Review |publisher=American Historical Association |location=Bloomington, IN |volume=20 |issue=1 |pages=164–166 |jstor=1836141 |doi=10.2307/1836141}}
* {{cite journal |last=Norton |first=Mary Beth |date=September 2003 |title=Salem Witch Trials Documentary Archive and Transcription Project by Benjamin Ray |journal=[[The Journal of American History]] |publisher=Organization of American Historians |location=Bloomington, IN |volume=90 |issue=2 |pages=747–748 |jstor=3659596 |doi=10.2307/3659596 |first2=Benjamin |last2=Ray}} ''Note: Discusses Burr's work''
* {{cite book |last=Weisman |first=Richard |title=Witchcraft, Magic and Religion in 17th-Century Massachusetts |year=1985 |publisher=[[University of Massachusetts Press]] |location=Amherst, MA |isbn=0-87023-494-3}}
* {{cite book |author=Writer's Program of the Works Projects Administration of the State of Virginia |title=Virginia: A Guide to the Old Dominion |url=https://books.google.com/?id=z2VzSg9hfp0C&pg=PA142 |year=1941 |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=New York |isbn=978-1-60354-045-2 |page=142}}
* {{cite web |url=http://ferryplantation.org/history/grace-sherwood/ |title=Grace Sherwood |publisher=Ferry Plantation |accessdate=August 5, 2013 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141013021520/http://ferryplantation.org/history/grace-sherwood/ |archive-date=October 13, 2014 |url-status=dead |df=mdy-all }}
* {{cite journal |date=July 1926 |title=Notes and Queries |journal=The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography |publisher=Virginia Historical Society |location=Richmond, VA |volume=34 |issue=3 |pages=278–279 |jstor=4244097}}
 
== Mga panlabas na kawing ==
{{kml}}
* {{commons category inline|Grace Sherwood}}
 
{{Authority control}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Sherwood, Grace}}
[[Kategorya:Mga magsasaka galing Virginia]]
[[Kategorya: Kasaysayan ng Virginia]]
[[Kategorya: Kasaysayan ng Virginia Beach, Virginia]]
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