Malaki ang impluwensiya ni Pericles sa lipunang Atenyano. Inilarawan siya ni [[Thucydides]], na kanyang kasabayan, bilang "ang unang mamamayan ng Atenas". Ginawa ni Pericles ang [[Ligang Deliano]] upang maging isang imperyo Atenyano at pinamunuan ang kanyang mga kamamamayan noong unang dalawang mga taon ng Digmaang Pelopensyano. Ang kapanahunang kung kailan pinamunuan niya ang Atenas, humigit-kumulang magmula [[461 BK|461]] hanggang [[429 BK]], ay tinatawag kung minsan bilang ang "[[Panahon ni Pericles]]," bagaman ang kapanahunan ay maaaring magsama ng panahon mas maaga katulad ng [[Mga Digmaang Persyano]], o mas huli katulad ng kasunod na daantaon.
In Pericles late 20’s he sponsored a major dramatic production for the festival of Dionysus, and he also entertained the whole city. Pericles also got married and had 2 sons. They never found out his wife’s name. A decade later the people started to like him more and more. He got involved with the politics called Ephialtes. Pericles and Ephialtes took away the nobles powers and once they did that there would be consequences. For what they did Pericles’ ally Ephialtes was later assassinated.
Pericles promoted the arts and literature. This was a chief reason Athens holds the reputation of being the educational and cultural centre of the [[Ancient Greece|ancient Greek]] world. He started an ambitious project that built most of the surviving structures on the [[Acropolis of Athens|Acropolis]] (including the [[Parthenon]]). This project made the city more beautiful., It also showed its glory, and gave work to the people.<ref name="Blois">L. de Blois, ''An Introduction to the Ancient World'', 99</ref> Furthermore, Pericles fostered [[Athenian democracy]] to such an extent that critics call him a [[populism|populist]].<ref name="Muhl">S. Muhlberger, [http://www.nipissingu.ca/department/history/MUHLBERGER/2055/L23ANC.HTM Periclean Athens].</ref><ref name = "Ruden 80">S. Ruden, ''Lysistrata'', 80.</ref>
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