Pandemya ng COVID-19: Pagkakaiba sa mga pagbabago

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Ang kasalukuyang epidemya ng ''[[coronavirus disease 2019]]'' (COVID-19) na sanhi ng [[SARS-CoV-2]] ay nagsimula noong Disyembre 2019. Ang unang kaso ay naitala sa [[Wuhan]], kapitolyo ng lalawigan ng [[Hubei]] sa Tsina. Hinihinalang nalilipat ang sakit galing sa hindi pa matukoy na hayop at naipapasa sa tao, na sa kasalukuyan naman ay kumakalat.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Zhang|first=Yanping|date=2020-02-14|title=The Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) - China, 2020|url=http://weekly.chinacdc.cn/fileCCDCW/journal/article/ccdcw/newcreate/COVID-19.pdf|journal=China CDC Weekly|volume=2|pages=|via=}}</ref> May tinatayang 2 hanggang 14 na araw na panahon ng inkubasyon bago umepekto ang sakit.<ref name="CDC2020Over222">{{cite web|url=https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/symptoms.html|title=Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) {{!}} CDC|date=Pebrero 10, 2020|website=U.S. [[:en:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]] (CDC)|accessdate=Pebrero 11, 2020}}</ref> Kasama sa mga sintomas ng sakit ang [[lagnat]], [[ubo]], at pagiksi ng hininga.<ref>{{cite web |title=2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) |url=https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/symptoms.html |website=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |accessdate=Pebrero 18, 2020 |language=en-us |date=Pebrero 11, 2020}}</ref> Kasama ang [[pulmonya]] at acute respiratory distress syndrome sa mga posibleng komplikasyon ng sakit. Wala pang bakuna o tiyak na gamot ang sakit.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/about/prevention.html|title=Prevention and Treatment|date=Agosto 9, 2019|publisher=[[:en:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]] (CDC)|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191215193934/https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/about/prevention.html|archive-date=Disyembre 15, 2019|access-date=Enero 21, 2020}}</ref> Ang paghuhugas ng kamay ay iminumungkahi upang maiwasan ang pagkalat pa ng sakit. Ang lahat ng may sintomas ay pinayuhang bantayan ang kanilang kalusugan sa loob ng dalawang linggo, magsuot ng mask, at komunsulta sa doktor bago pumunta sa ospital.<ref name=":8" />
 
Sa kasalukuyan, Pebrero 21, 2020, may naitala ng 76,727 mga kaso ng sakit, kasama na riyan ang lahat ng lalawigan ng Tsina at marami pang iba sa ibang bansa.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6|title=Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases|last=|first=|date=|website=gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com|publisher=Johns Hopkins CSSE|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=2020-02-17}}</ref> Ang 12,065 dito ay malubha ang kalagayan.<ref name="auto82">{{cite web|url=https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/|title=Coronavirus Update (Live):69,268 Cases and 1,665 Deaths from the Wuhan China Virus Outbreak – Worldometer|last=|first=|date=|website=www.worldometers.info|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=8 February 2020}}</ref> Sa Tsina, naitala ang pinakamataas na pagtaas ng kaso noong Enero 23 at 27.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Zhang|first=Yanping|date=2020-02-14|title=The Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Epidemiology Team. The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) - China, 2020|url=http://weekly.chinacdc.cn/fileCCDCW/journal/article/ccdcw/newcreate/COVID-19.pdf|journal=China CDC Weekly|volume=2|pages=|via=}}</ref> Ang sakit ay nagdulot na ng pagkamatay ng 2,247 katao, kasama ang 11 sa labas ng Tsina. Nilampasan nito ang bilang ng mga namatay noong kasagsagan ng pagkalat ng [[SARS]] noong 2003.<ref name="bno1" />
 
Ang epidemya ay idineklara bilang ''Public Health Emergency of International Concern'' (pampublikong kagipitan sa kalusugan ng pandaigdigang pagpansin sa Tagalog) ng ''[[World Health Organization]]'' (WHO).<ref name=":3" /><ref name="The Hill 20200130">{{cite web|url=https://thehill.com/changing-america/respect/diversity-inclusion/480749-the-coronavirus-is-causing-an-outbreak-in-anti|title=The coronavirus is causing an outbreak in America—of anti-Asian racism|last=Somvichian-Clausen|first=Austa|date=30 January 2020|website=[[The Hill (newspaper)|The Hill]]|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200201181522/https://thehill.com/changing-america/respect/diversity-inclusion/480749-the-coronavirus-is-causing-an-outbreak-in-anti|archive-date=1 February 2020|access-date=4 February 2020}}</ref> Ang mga awtoridad pangkalusugan ay pinag-sisikapang mapigil ang anumang pagkalat ng sakit simula pa noong natuklasan ito.<ref name=":4" /><ref name=":21" /><ref name="SCMP 20200206" /> Ang Tsina ay nag-abiso ng pagbabawal sa paglalakbay, kuwarentenas, at pagbabawal lumabas ng bahay—na nakakaapekto sa higit 170 milyong tao.<ref name=":4">{{cite news |url=https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/26/asia/wuhan-coronavirus-update-intl-hnk/index.html |title=Wuhan coronavirus: Thousands of cases confirmed as China goes into emergency mode |first1=James |last1=Griffiths |first2=Amy |last2=Woodyatt |website=CNN |access-date=1 February 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200128120647/https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/26/asia/wuhan-coronavirus-update-intl-hnk/index.html |archive-date=28 January 2020 |url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=":21">{{cite web |url=https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_5671283 |title=襄阳火车站关闭,湖北省最后一个地级市"封城" |date=29 January 2020 |website=thepaper.cn |access-date=4 February 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200202170024/https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_5671283 |archive-date=2 February 2020 |url-status=live}}</ref><ref name="SCMP 20200206">{{cite web|url=https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3049298/coronavirus-zhejiang-adopts-draconian-quarantine-measures-fight|title=Zhejiang province next to Shanghai adopts draconian quarantine measures|date=6 February 2020|website=South China Morning Post|access-date=8 February 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200206112642/https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3049298/coronavirus-zhejiang-adopts-draconian-quarantine-measures-fight|archive-date=6 February 2020|url-status=live}}</ref> May ilang bansa ring na nagbabawal sa paglalakbay sa Wuhan, Hubei, at mismong Tsina.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/index.html |title=2019-nCoV information for Travelers |date=3 February 2020 |website=U.S. [[:en:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]] (CDC) |access-date=6 February 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200130163513/https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/travelers/index.html |archive-date=30 January 2020 |url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=":6">{{cite web |url=https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/news/2020/01/24/coronavirus-outbreak-leads-state-department-issue-level-4-advisory/4562349002/ |title=Coronavirus: US says 'do not travel' to Wuhan, China, as airlines issue waivers, add safeguards |last=Deerwester |first=Jayme |last2=Gilbertson |first2=Dawn |website=USA Today |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200127063342/https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/news/2020/01/24/coronavirus-outbreak-leads-state-department-issue-level-4-advisory/4562349002/ |archive-date=27 January 2020 |access-date=26 January 2020}}</ref> Ang mga paliparan at estasyon ng tren ay nagsasagawa narin ng pagsusuri upang mapigilan ang pagkalat ng sakit.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://knpr.org/npr/2020-01/coronavirus-update-masks-and-temperature-checks-hong-kong |title=Coronavirus Update: Masks And Temperature Checks In Hong Kong |website=Nevada Public Radio |access-date=26 January 2020}}</ref>
 
Ang iba pang pagsubok ng epidemya ay ang posibilidad na pagbagsak ng ekonomiya, mga protesta sa [[Hong Kong]], at pagsibak sa mga lokal na opisyal ng Partidong Komunista ng Tsina dahil sa kanilang hindi magandang pag-aksyon sa epidemya.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/11/china-fires-two-senior-hubei-officials-over-coronavirus-outbreak|title=China fires two senior Hubei officials over coronavirus outbreak|website=The Guardian|language=en|access-date=18 February 2020|first=Lily|last=Kuo|date=11 February 2020}}</ref> Naitala rin ang xenopobya at rasismo laban sa mga may lahing Tsino at silangang Asyano sa ibang bansa.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.sbs.com.au/news/this-is-racism-chinese-australians-say-they-ve-faced-increased-hostility-since-the-coronavirus-outbreak-began|title='This is racism': Chinese-Australians say they've faced increased hostility since the coronavirus outbreak began|work=Special Broadcasting Service|first=Evan|last=Young|date=31 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|last=Iqbal|first=Nosheen|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/01/coronavirus-weaponised-way-to-be-openly-racist|title=Coronavirus fears fuel racism and hostility, say British-Chinese|date=1 February 2020|work=The Observer|access-date=4 February 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200203232009/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/01/coronavirus-weaponised-way-to-be-openly-racist|archive-date=3 February 2020|issn=0029-7712}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://globalnews.ca/news/6495961/coronavirus-anti-china-sentiment/|title=Coronavirus fears trigger anti-China sentiment across the globe|website=Global News|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200203150150/https://globalnews.ca/news/6495961/coronavirus-anti-china-sentiment/|archive-date=3 February 2020|access-date=4 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/31/asia/wuhan-coronavirus-racism-fear-intl-hnk/index.html|title=As the coronavirus spreads, fear is fueling racism and xenophobia|last=Yeung|first=Jessie|publisher=CNN|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200203194428/https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/31/asia/wuhan-coronavirus-racism-fear-intl-hnk/index.html|archive-date=3 February 2020|access-date=4 February 2020}}</ref> Ang epidemya ay nagkalat ng mga maling balita, lalong-lalo na sa online, na tinawag namang "''infodemic''" ng WHO noong Pebrero 2, 2020.
<ref name="caixin101508497">{{cite web |url=http://www.caixin.com/2020-01-26/101508497.html |date=26 January 2020 |script-title=zh:《柳叶刀》刊文详解武汉肺炎 最初41案例即有人传人迹象 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200130232509/http://www.caixin.com/2020-01-26/101508497.html |archive-date=30 January 2020 |access-date=30 January 2020|language=Chinese|trans-title="Lancet" article explains Wuhan pneumonia in the first 41 cases}}</ref>
 
<ref name="bno1">{{cite web |url=https://bnonews.com/index.php/2020/02/the-latest-coronavirus-cases/ |title=Tracking coronavirus: Map, data and timeline |date=10 February 2020 |website=[[:en:BNO News]] |access-date=10 February 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200128010639/https://bnonews.com/index.php/2020/02/the-latest-coronavirus-cases/ |archive-date=28 January 2020 |url-status=live}}</ref>
 
<ref name=":3">{{Cite web|url=https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/getting-workplace-ready-for-covid-19.pdf|title=Getting your workplace ready for COVID-19|last=|first=|date=27 February 2020|website=World Health Organization|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=}}</ref>