Ang isang panteon (mula sa Griyego πάνθεον pantheon, literal na nangangahulugang "(isang templo) ng lahat ng mga diyos", "ng o karaniwan sa lahat ng mga diyos" mula sa πᾶν pan- "lahat" at θεός theos "diyos") ay ang partikular na pangkat ng lahat ng mga diyos sa kahit anong politeistikong relihiyon, mitolohiya, o tradisyon.
- Fee, Christopher (2004). Gods, Heroes, & Kings: The Battle for Mythic Britain (sa Ingles). pa. 13.
A pantheon is an overview of a given culture's gods and goddesses and reflects not only the society's values but also its sense of itself. A pantheon directed by a thunderboltwielding autocrat might suggest a patriarchy and the valuing of warrior skills. A pantheon headed by a great-mother goddess could suggest a village-based agricultural society. To confront the pantheon of the Egyptians is to confront a worldview marked by a sense of death and resurrection and the agricultural importance of the cycles of nature. The Greek pantheon is a metaphor for a pragmatic view of life that values art, beauty, and the power of the individual, and that is somewhat skeptical about human nature.