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Ang wikang Pashto (Ingles pronunciation: /ˈpʌʃt/,[7][8][9] iba sa /ˈpæʃt/; [Note 1][Note 2] پښتو; Pax̌tō; ˈpəʂt̪oː), lumang pangalang wika ay Afghānī (افغانى)[12] o Paṭhānī,[13] ay isang Timog-Sentral Asya na wika ng Pashtun. Ang mananalita ay tinawag din bilang Pashtun o Pukhtun at sa ilan ay Afghan o Pathan.[1] Ito ay isang wikang Silangang Iranian, na may pamilyang wika na Indo-European.

Pashto
پښتو
Pax̌tō
Pashto.svg
Ang salitang Pax̌tō ay nasusulat sa Alapabetong Pashto
Pagbigkasˈpəʂt̪oː], [ˈpʊxt̪oː
Sinasalitang katutubo saAfghanistan, Pakistan, at sa Pashtun diaspora
EtnisidadPashtun, Pathan, Afghan[1]
Mga katutubong
tagapagsalita
40–60 milyon  (2007–2009)[2][3][4]
Pamilyang wika
Indo-European
  • Wikang Indo-Iranian
    • Wikang Iranian
      • Silangang Wikang Iranian
        • Pashto
Mga pamantayang anyo
Sentral na Pashto
Hilagang Pashto
Timog na Pashto
Mga wikain/diyalekto20 dialekto
Sistema ng pagsulat
Opisyal na katayuan
Opisyal na wika sa Afghanistan[5]
Kinikilalang wikang pang-minoridad sa Pakistan
Provincial in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, and Northern Balochistan
Pinangangasiwaan (regulado) ngAcademy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Pashto Academy, University of Peshawar[6]
Mga kodigong pangwika
ISO 639-1ps
ISO 639-2pus
ISO 639-3pusinclusive code
Individual codes:
pst – Sentral na Pashto
pbu – Hilagang Pashto
pbt – Timog na Pashto
wne – [[Wikang Wanetsi]]
Linggwaspera58-ABD-a

Mga notaBaguhin

  1. The only American pronunciation listed by Oxford Online Dictionaries, IPA: /ˈpæʃtoʊ/,[10] is so rare that it is not even mentioned by the American Heritage and Merriam-Webster dictionaries.
  2. Ilan ay inispell bilang "Pushtu" o "Pushto",[8][9] at ang pananalita ay magkapareho.[11] or differently.[8][9] The spelling "Pakhto" is so rare that it is not even mentioned by any major English dictionaries or even recognized by major English-Pashto dictionaries such as Thepashto.com, and it is specifically listed by Ethnologue.com only as an alternative name for Northern Pashto, not Southern or Central Pashto.

Mga sanggunianBaguhin

  1. 1.0 1.1 Claus, Peter J.; Diamond, Sarah; Ann Mills, Margaret (2003). South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia : Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Taylor & Francis. p. 447. ISBN 9780415939195.
  2. Penzl, Herbert; Ismail Sloan (2009). A Grammar of Pashto a Descriptive Study of the Dialect of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Ishi Press International. p. 210. ISBN 0-923891-72-2. Hinango noong 2010-10-25. Estimates of the number of Pashto speakers range from 40 million to 60 million...
  3. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007 (39 million)
  4. Padron:ELL2
  5. Constitution of Afghanistan – Chapter 1 The State, Article 16 (Languages) and Article 20 (Anthem)
  6. Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. p. 705.
  7. "Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com. Hinango noong 18 July 2016.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Company, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing. "The American Heritage Dictionary entry: Pashto". ahdictionary.com. Hinango noong 18 July 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Pashto" in Oxford Online Dictionaries, UK English
  10. "Pashto" in Oxford Online Dictionaries, US English
  11. "Pashto - Definition, meaning & more - Collins Dictionary". collinsdictionary.com. Hinango noong 18 July 2016.
  12. John Leyden, Esq. M.D.; William Erskine, Esq., eds. (1921). "Events Of The Year 910 (1525)". Baburnama. Packard Humanities Institute. p. 5. Hinango noong 2012-01-10. To the south is Afghanistān. There are eleven or twelve different languages spoken in Kābul: Arabic, Persian, Tūrki, Moghuli, Hindi, Afghani, Pashāi, Parāchi, Geberi, Bereki, and Lamghāni.
  13. India. Office of the Registrar General (1961). Census of India, 1961: Gujarat. Manager of Publications. pp. 142, 166, 177.


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