Ahasuerus

Su Ahasuerus ayon sa Aklat ni Ester ay hari ng Persiya at asawa ni Ester na isang Hudyong Reyna ng Persiya. Si Ahasuerus ay sinasabing namuno mula India hanggang Nubia at higit sa 172 probinsiya ng Imperyong Akemenida.[1] Ito ay walang batayan sa kasaysayan at ang kuwento ni Ester ay inimbento para magbigay etiolohiya sa Purim. Si Ahasuerus ay pinaniniwalaan ng mga iskolar na isang piksiyonalisadong karakter na binatay Xerxes I.[2][3] Ang mga haring Persiyano ay hindi nag-aasawa ng hindi kasapi ng mga maharlikang pamilya ng Persiya. Ayin sa kasaysayan, si Xerxes I ay ikinasal kay Amestris at hindi kay Vashti o Ester.Sa karagdagan, si Mordecai ay inilalarawan na mula sa mga ipinatapon mula sa Hersusalem ni Nabucodonosor II ngunit ang pagpapatapon sa Babilonya ay nangyari nang 112 taon bago maging hari si Xerxes I.[4] Sa Septuagint, ng Aklat ni Ester, ang hari ay tinawag na 'Artaxerxes,' na nakababatang anak ni Xerxes (Sinaunang Griyego: Ἀρταξέρξης).[5]

Mga sanggunianBaguhin

  1. "Esther 1". www.sefaria.org. Nakuha noong 2022-02-28.
  2. Browning, W. R. F., pat. (2009), "Ahasuerus", A Dictionary of the Bible (sa wikang Ingles) (ika-2nd (na) edisyon), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/acref/9780199543984.001.0001, ISBN 978-0-19-954398-4, nakuha noong 2020-04-17, Sipi: The story is fictitious and written to provide an account of the origin of the feast of Purim; the book contains no references to the known historical events of the reign of Xerxes.
  3. Tucker, Gene M. (2004) [orihinal: 1993], Metzger, Bruce M.; Coogan, Michael D. (mga pat.), "Esther, The Book of", The Oxford Companion to the Bible (sa wikang Ingles), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/acref/9780195046458.001.0001, ISBN 978-0-19-504645-8, nakuha noong 2020-04-17, Sipi: Although the detals of its setting are entirely plausible and the story may even have some basis in actual events, in terms of literary genre the book is not history.
  4. Littman, Robert J. (1975). "The Religious Policy of Xerxes and the "Book of Esther"". The Jewish Quarterly Review. 65 (3): 146. doi:10.2307/1454354. JSTOR 1454354. Sipi: Xerxes could not have wed a Jewess because this was contrary to the practices of Persian monarchs who married only into one of the seven leading Persian families. History records that Xerxes was married to Amestris, not Vashti or Esther. There is no historical record of a personage known as Esther, or a queen called Vashti or a vizier Haman, or a high placed courtier Mordecai. Mordecai was said to have been among the exiles deported from Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, but that deportation occurred 112 years before Xerxes became king.
  5. "Esther 1 And it came to pass in the days of Artaxerxes. This Artaxerxes held a hundred twenty-seven regions from India". studybible.info. Nakuha noong 2020-04-18.