Pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng mga pagbago ng "Papa Benedicto XV"

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Si '''Papa Benedicto XV''' ([[EcclesiasticalEklesyastikal na Latin|Latin]]: ''Benedictus PP. XV''),; {{lang-la|Benedictus Quintus Decimus}}; ([[Wikang Italyano|Italyano]]: ''Benedetto XV''), ([[Nobyembre 21]], [[1854]] – [[Enero 22]], [[1922]]), Pangalan sa kapanganakanna ipinanganak bilang '''Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa''', nangungkulan bilangay isang [[PopeItalya|Italyano]]ng mulapari ng [[SetyembreSimbahang Katoliko 3Romano]], at ika-259 [[1914Papa]] mula 1914 hanggang sa kaniyang kamatayan noong 1922. Sumunod siya sa pagkapapa ni [[EneroPapa 22Pio X]], (1903–14).<ref>[[1922]http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12272b.htm "List of Popes,"] ''Catholic Encyclopedia'' (2009); sumunodnakuha siyanoong kay2011-11-8.</ref> Ang kaniyang pagkapapa ay malakihang naaninuhan ng [[PapaIkalawang PioDigmaang XPandaigdig]].<ref name="catholic">[http://saints.sqpn.com/ncd01188.htm "Pope Benedict XV,"] ''New Catholic Dictionary'' (1903–141910); nakuha noong 2011-11-8.</ref>
 
==Pagkapari==
Naordinahan bilang pari si Della Chiesa noong 21 Disyembre 1878.
 
==Pagka-obispo==
Ginawa siyang Obispo ng Bologna ni [[Papa Pio X]] noong 1907.
 
==Pagkakardinal==
Noong 25 Mayo 1914, si Della Chiesa ay nalikha bilang kardinal.
 
==Pagkapapa ==
Nahalal si Della Chiesa bilang papa noong 1914; at pinili niyang matawag bilang Benedicto XV.<ref>Paunawa sa [[pagbibilang na ordinal]]: Ang mga [[Papa Benedicto (paglilinaw)|Papang Benedicto]] mula XI–XVI ay talagang ang ika-10 hanggang ika-15 mga papa na may ganiyang pangalan. Ito ay dahil si Benedicto X ay ibinabanghay na sa ngayon bilang isang [[antipapa]]; subalit noong pamumuno ni Benedicto XI, hindi pa ito kinikilala. Ang "tunay" o talagang ika-14 na Papa Benedicto ay ipinakilala ang kaniyang sarili bilang may ordinal (pagkakasunud-sunod) na bilang na XV. Sa ibang pananalaita, ang pagbibilang ng mga papa pagkaraan ng ika-10 Benedicto ay kailangang ipaliwanag - paghambingin ang mga [[Papa Bonifacio (paglilinaw)|Papang Bonifacio]] VIII–IX.</ref>
 
Si Juana ng Arko ay kinanonisa ni Benedicto.<ref name="williams">Williams, Timothy. [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/19/international/worldspecial2/19cnd-bene.html?scp=3&sq=pope%20benedict%20xv&st=cse "Last Pope Benedict Focused on Ending World War I,"] ''New York Times.'' Abril 19, 2005; nakuha noong 2011-11-9.</ref>
 
Noong 1918, si Papa Benedicto ay hindi isinali mula sa Kumperensiyang Pangkapayapaan sa Paris noong 1919, sa kabila ng kaniyang mga kahilingang may pagpapakumbaba (entratado) na maging kabahagi ng talakayan.<ref name="williams"/>
 
Tumulong si Benedicto XV sa pagpapaunlad ng isang Kodigo ng [[Batas na Kanon]].<ref name="williams"/>
 
CONTINUE HERE:
 
Benedict XV was the fourth Pope since the Kingdom of Italy took possession of Rome.<ref name="mccormick">McCormick, Anne O'Hare. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00D13FF355A1B7A93C0A81789D85F468285F9 "The Old Pope and Papal Prestige,"] ''New York Times.'' February 12, 1922; rtrieved 2011-11-9.</ref>
 
==Kamatayan at pamana==
Benedict XV fell ill with [[pneumonia]] ([[influenza]]) in early January 1922.<ref name="williams"/> He died on 22 January 1922.<ref>[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F20613FA3A541B7A93C1AB178AD85F468285F9&scp=1&sq=pope%20benedict%20xv&st=cse "Body of Pope Benedict XV Lies in State,"] ''New York Times.'' January 23, 1922; retrieved 2011-11-8.</ref> The Italian Government lowered its flags to half-mast; and Benedict XV was the first pope to be honored in this way.<ref name="mccormick"/>
 
In 2005, [[Pope Benedict XVI]] explained why he chose the name Benedict:
:"... I remember Pope Benedict XV, that courageous prophet of peace, who guided the Church through turbulent times of war. In his footsteps I place my ministry in the service of reconciliation and harmony between peoples."
 
==Tingnan din==
* [[Tala ng mga papa]]
 
==Mga sanggunian==
[[File:CoA_Benedetto_XV.svg|thumb|120px|right|The Coat of Arms of Benedict XV]]
{{reflist}}
 
==Karagdagan pang mga mababasa==
* Peters, Walter H. (1959). ''The Life of Benedict XV''. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing. [http://www.worldcat.org/title/life-of-benedict-xv/oclc/625633&referer=brief_results OCLC 625633]
* Pollard, John F. (1999). ''The Unknown Pope.'' London: Geoffrey Chapman. 10-ISBN 0225668440/13-ISBN 9780225668445; [http://www.worldcat.org/title/unknown-pope-benedict-xv-1914-1922-and-the-pursuit-of-peace/oclc/60158637&referer=brief_results OCLC 60158637]
 
==Mga kawing na panlabas==
{{Commons category-inline|Benedictus XV}}
{{wikisource author|Benedict XV}}
{{wikiquote|Pope Benedict XV}}
* {{CathEncy|wstitle=Pope Benedict XIV}}
* [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/ Catholic Hierarchy], [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bdelchi.html Pope Benedict XV]
*[http://www2.fiu.edu/~mirandas/cardinals.htm Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church], [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-d.htm#DellaChiesa Cardinal della Chiesa]
* [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/index.htm Vatican webpage], [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xv/index.htm Benedict XV], [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xv/biography/documents/hf_ben-xv_bio_20060214_biography_it.html biography {{it}}]
* [http://www.saintpetersbasilica.org Saint Peter's Basilica], [http://www.saintpetersbasilica.org/Grottoes/Benedict%20XV/Tomb%20of%20Benedict%20XV.htm Tomb of Benedict XV]
 
{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=[[Pope Pius X|Pius X]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[List of popes|Pope]]|years=1914&ndash;1922}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Pope Pius XI|Pius XI]]}}
{{s-end}}
 
{{Katolisismo}}
{{stub|Katolisismo}}
{{Popes}}
 
<!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]] -->
[[Kategorya:Mga papa ng Simbahang Katoliko Romano|Benedicto 15]]
 
{{Persondata
| NAME = XV, Pope Benedict
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Chiesa, Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della; Benedictus Quintus Decimus
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Italian pope
| DATE OF BIRTH = 1854-11-21
| PLACE OF BIRTH = Pegli, Italy
| DATE OF DEATH = 1922-1-22
| PLACE OF DEATH = [[Apostolic Palace]], Rome, Italy
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Benedicto 15}}
[[Kategorya:Mga papa mula sa Italya]]
[[Kategorya:Ipinanganak noong 1854]]
[[Kategorya:Namatay noong 1922]]
[[Kategorya:Mga namatay dahil sa pulmonya]]
 
{{Link FA|fi}}
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