Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos

(Idinirekta mula sa Korte Suprema ng Estados Unidos)

Ang Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos ay ang pinakamataas na hukuman sa Estados Unidos. Ito ay may huli (at malaking diskresyonaryong) apeladong hurisdiksiyon sa lahat ng mga hukumang pederal ng Estados Unidos at sa mga kaso ng hukumang pang-estado na kinasasangkutan ng mga isyu ng batas pederal sa isang maliit na saklaw ng mga kaso.[1] Nagpupulong ang Hukuman sa Gusali ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos sa Washington, D.C.

Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Estados Unidos
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
ItinatagMarso 4, 1789
BansaEstados Unidos
LokasyonWashington, D.C.
Mga koordinado38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Mga koordinado: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Paraang komposisyonNominasyon ng Pangulo ng Estados Unidos na kinukumpirma ng Senado ng Estados Unidos
Pinagmulan ng kapangyarihanSaligang Batas ng Estados Unidos
Tagal ng termino ng hukomHabambuhay
Bilang ng mga posisyon9, ayon sa batas
Websitesupremecourt.gov
CurrentlyJohn Roberts
Since29 Setyembre 2005

Binubuo ang Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng isang Punong Mahistrado at mga walong katulong na mahistrado na hinihirang ng Pangulo ng Estados Unidos at kinukumpirma ng Senado ng Estados Unidos. Kapag nahirang, habambuhay ang taning ng isang mahistrado maliban kung nagbitiw, nagretiro o inalis ito pagkatapos ng pagsasakdal (impeachment).[2][3]

Mga kasapiBaguhin

Mga kasalukuyang mahistradoBaguhin

Justice /
birthdate and place
Appointed by SCV Age at Start date /
length of service
Previous position or office
(most recent prior to joining the Court)
Succeeded
Start Present
  Roberts, JohnJohn Roberts
Enero 27, 1955
Buffalo, New York
Bush, GWG. W. Bush 78–22 50 &0000000000000065.00000065 Setyembre 29, 2005
14 years, 286 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (2003–2005) Rehnquist
  Thomas, ClarenceClarence Thomas
Hunyo 23, 1948
Pin Point, Georgia
Bush, GHWG. H. W. Bush 52–48 43 &0000000000000072.00000072 Oktubre 23, 1991
28 years, 262 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (1990–1991) Marshall
  Ginsburg, Ruth BaderRuth Bader Ginsburg
Marso 15, 1933
Brooklyn, New York
Clinton, Bill Clinton 96–3 60 &0000000000000087.00000087 Agosto 10, 1993
26 years, 336 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (1980–1993) White
  Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer
Agosto 15, 1938
San Francisco, California
Clinton, Bill Clinton 87–9 55 &0000000000000081.00000081 Agosto 3, 1994
25 years, 343 days
Chief Judge, Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (1990–1994) Blackmun
  Alito, SamuelSamuel Alito
Abril 1, 1950
Trenton, New Jersey
Bush, GWG. W. Bush 58–42 55 &0000000000000070.00000070 Enero 31, 2006
14 years, 162 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (1990–2006) O'Connor
  Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor
Hunyo 25, 1954
The Bronx, New York
Obama, Barack Obama 68–31 55 &0000000000000066.00000066 Agosto 8, 2009
10 years, 338 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1998–2009) Souter
  Kagan, ElenaElena Kagan
Abril 28, 1960
Manhattan, New York
Obama, Barack Obama 63–37 50 &0000000000000060.00000060 Agosto 7, 2010
9 years, 341 days
Solicitor General of the United States (2009–2010) Stevens
  Gorsuch, NeilNeil Gorsuch
Agosto 29, 1967
Denver, Colorado
Trump, Donald Trump 54–45 49 &0000000000000052.00000052 Abril 10, 2017
3 years, 92 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (2006–2017) Scalia
  Kavanaugh, BrettBrett Kavanaugh
Pebrero 12, 1965
Washington, D.C.
Trump, Donald Trump 50–48 53 &0000000000000055.00000055 Oktubre 6, 2018
1 year, 279 days
Circuit Judge, Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (2006–2018) Kennedy
Padron:In5Source: [4]

Length of tenureBaguhin

This graphical timeline depicts the length of each current Supreme Court justice's tenure (not seniority) on the Court:

Mga retiradong mahistradoBaguhin

Justice /
Birthdate and place
Appointed by Retired under Age at Tenure
Start Retirement Present Start date End date Length
  Sandra Day O'Connor
Marso 26, 1930
El Paso, Texas
Reagan, Ronald Reagan Bush, GWG. W. Bush 51 75 &0000000000000090.00000090 Setyembre 25, 1981 Enero 31, 2006 24 years, 128 days
  Kennedy, AnthonyAnthony Kennedy
Hulyo 23, 1936
Sacramento, California
Reagan, Ronald Reagan Trump, Donald Trump 51 82 &0000000000000083.00000083 Pebrero 18, 1988 Hulyo 31, 2018 30 years, 163 days
  David Souter
Setyembre 17, 1939
Melrose, Massachusetts
Bush, GHWG. H. W. Bush Obama, Barack Obama 51 69 &0000000000000080.00000080 Oktubre 9, 1990 Hulyo 29, 2009 18 years, 263 days
Padron:In5Source: [4]

Mga sanggunianBaguhin

  1. "A Brief Overview of the Supreme Court" (PDF). United States Supreme Court. Nakuha noong 2009-12-31.
  2. "U.S. Constitution, Article III, Section 1". Nakuha noong 2007-09-21.
  3. See, in dicta Northern Pipeline Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50, 59 (1982); United States ex rel. Toth v. Quarles, 350 U.S. 11, 16 (1955).
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Current Members". www.supremecourt.gov. Washington, D.C.: Supreme Court of the United States. Nakuha noong October 21, 2018.


   Ang lathalaing ito na tungkol sa Politika at Estados Unidos ay isang usbong. Makatutulong ka sa Wikipedia sa pagpapalawig nito.