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Ang Rusya ay isang pederasyon na nakahati sa 83 kasakupang pederal (federal subjects; mga kasapi ng Pederasyon). Noong unang inaprubahan ang Saligang Batas noong 1993, may 89 kasakupang pederal ang nakatala rito. Pagdating ng 2008, bumaba ang bilang nito sa 83 dahil sa pagsasanib ng ilang mga kasakupang pederal.

Magkapantay ang mga karapatang pederal ng mga kasakupang pederal sa pagkakapantay-pantay nila ng pagkakatawan sa Sangguniang Pampederasyon (ang mataas na kapulungan ng Asemblea Pederal), kung saan mayroon silang dalawang kinatawan. Gayunpaman, magkakaiba ang antas ng pagkakasarili ng bawat kasakupang pederal.

Mga nilalaman

UriBaguhin

Tala ng mga kasakupang pederalBaguhin

Code Pangalan Capital/administrative centre
(Largest city given if not capital)
Watawat Sagisag Federal district Economic region Lawak (km²)[1] Population[2]
01 Republika ng Adygea Maykop     Southern North Caucasus 7,600 447,109
02 Republika ng Bashkortostan Ufa     Volga Urals 143,600 4,104,336
03 Republika ng Buryat Ulan-Ude     Siberian East Siberian 351,300 981,238
04 Republika ng Altai Gorno-Altaysk     Siberian West Siberian 92,600 202,947
05 Republika ng Dagestan Makhachkala     North Caucasian North Caucasus 50,300 2,576,531
06 Republika ng Ingushetia Magas
(Largest city: Nazran)
    North Caucasian North Caucasus 4,000 467,294
07 Republika ng Kabardino-Balkar Nalchik     North Caucasian North Caucasus 12,500 901,494
08 Republika ng Kalmykia Elista     Southern Volga 76,100 292,410
09 Republika ng Karachay-Cherkess Cherkessk     North Caucasian North Caucasus 14,100 439,470
10 Republika ng Karelia Petrozavodsk     Northwestern Northern 172,400 716,281
11 Republika ng Komi Syktyvkar     Northwestern Northern 415,900 1,018,674
12 Republika ng Mari El Yoshkar-Ola     Volga Volga-Vyatka 23,200 727,979
13 Republika ng Mordovia Saransk     Volga Volga-Vyatka 26,200 888,766
14 Republika ng Sakha Yakutsk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 3,103,200 949,280
15 Republika ng North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz     North Caucasian North Caucasus 8,000 710,275
16 Republika ng Tatarstan Kazan     Volga Volga 68,000 3,779,265
17 Republika ng Tyva Kyzyl     Siberian East Siberian 170,500 305,510
18 Republika ng Udmurt Izhevsk     Volga Urals 42,100 1,570,316
19 Republika ng Khakassia Abakan     Siberian East Siberian 61,900 546,072
20 Republika ng Chechen Grozny     North Caucasian North Caucasus 15,300 1,103,686
21 Republika ng Chuvashia Cheboksary     Volga Volga-Vyatka 18,300 1,313,754
22 Lupain ng Altai Barnaul     Siberian West Siberian 169,100 2,607,426
92 Lupain ng Zabaykalsky Chita     Siberian East Siberian 431,500 1,155,346
91 Lupain ng Kamchatka Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky     Far Eastern Far Eastern 472,300 358,801
23 Lupain ng Krasnodar Krasnodar     Southern North Caucasus 76,000 5,125,221
24 Lupain ng Krasnoyarsk Krasnoyarsk     Siberian East Siberian 2,339,700 2,966,042
90 Lupain ng Perm Perm     Volga Urals 160,600 2,819,421
25 Lupain ng Primorsky Vladivostok     Far Eastern Far Eastern 165,900 2,071,210
26 Lupain ng Stavropol Stavropol     North Caucasian North Caucasus 66,500 2,735,139
27 Lupain ng Khabarovsk Khabarovsk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 788,600 1,436,570
28 Rehiyon ng Altai Blagoveshchensk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 363,700 902,844
29 Rehiyon ng Arkhangelsk Arkhangelsk     Northwestern Northern 587,400 1,336,539
30 Rehiyon ng Astrakhan Astrakhan     Southern Volga 44,100 1,005,276
31 Rehiyon ng Belgorod Belgorod     Central Central Black Earth 27,100 1,511,620
32 Bryansk Oblast Bryansk     Central Central 34,900 1,378,941
33 Vladimir Oblast Vladimir     Central Central 29,000 1,523,990
34 Volgograd Oblast Volgograd     Southern Volga 113,900 2,699,223
35 Vologda Oblast Vologda
(Largest city: Cherepovets)
    Northwestern Northern 145,700 1,269,568
36 Voronezh Oblast Voronezh     Central Central Black Earth 52,400 2,378,803
37 Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo     Central Central 21,800 1,148,329
38 Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk     Siberian East Siberian 767,900 2,581,705
39 Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad     Northwestern Kaliningrad 15,100 955,281
40 Kaluga Oblast Kaluga     Central Central 29,900 1,041,641
42 Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
(Largest city: Novokuznetsk)
    Siberian West Siberian 95,500 2,899,142
43 Kirov Oblast Kirov     Volga Volga-Vyatka 120,800 1,503,529
44 Kostroma Oblast Kostroma     Central Central 60,100 736,641
45 Kurgan Oblast Kurgan     Urals Urals 71,000 1,019,532
46 Kursk Oblast Kursk     Central Central Black Earth 29,800 1,235,091
47 Leningrad Oblast Largest city: Gatchina[a]     Northwestern Northwestern 84,500 1,669,205
48 Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk     Central Central Black Earth 24,100 1,213,499
49 Magadan Oblast Magadan     Far Eastern Far Eastern 461,400 182,726
50 Moscow Oblast Largest city: Balashikha[b]     Central Central 45,900 6,618,538
51 Murmansk Oblast Murmansk     Northwestern Northern 144,900 892,534
52 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhny Novgorod     Volga Volga-Vyatka 76,900 3,524,028
53 Novgorod Oblast Veliky Novgorod     Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 694,355
54 Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk     Siberian West Siberian 178,200 2,692,251
55 Omsk Oblast Omsk     Siberian West Siberian 139,700 2,079,220
56 Orenburg Oblast Orenburg     Volga Urals 124,000 2,179,551
57 Oryol Oblast Oryol     Central Central 24,700 860,262
58 Penza Oblast Penza     Volga Volga 43,200 1,452,941
60 Pskov Oblast Pskov     Northwestern Northwestern 55,300 760,810
61 Rostov Oblast Rostov-on-Don     Southern North Caucasus 100,800 4,404,013
62 Ryazan Oblast Ryazan     Central Central 39,600 1,227,910
63 Samara Oblast Samara     Volga Volga 53,600 3,239,737
64 Saratov Oblast Saratov     Volga Volga 100,200 2,668,310
65 Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk     Far Eastern Far Eastern 87,100 546,695
66 Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg     Urals Urals 194,800 4,486,214
67 Smolensk Oblast Smolensk     Central Central 49,800 1,049,574
68 Tambov Oblast Tambov     Central Central Black Earth 34,300 1,178,443
69 Tver Oblast Tver     Central Central 84,100 1,471,459
70 Tomsk Oblast Tomsk     Siberian West Siberian 316,900 1,046,039
71 Tula Oblast Tula     Central Central 25,700 1,675,758
72 Tyumen Oblast Tyumen     Urals West Siberian 1,435,200 3,264,841
73 Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk     Volga Volga 37,300 1,382,811
74 Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk     Urals Urals 87,900 3,603,339
76 Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl     Central Central 36,400 1,367,398
77 Moscow     Central Central 1,100 10,382,754
78 Saint Petersburg     Northwestern Northwestern 1,439 4,662,547
79 Nagsasariling Rehiyon ng mga Hudeo Birobidzhan     Far Eastern Far Eastern 36,000 190,915
83 Nagsasariling Lugar ng mga Nenets Naryan-Mar     Northwestern Northern 176,700 41,546
86 Nagsasariling Lugar ng mga Khanty-Mansi Khanty-Mansiysk
(Largest city: Surgut)
    Urals West Siberian 523,100 1,432,817
87 Nagsasariling Lugar ng mga Chukotka Anadyr     Far Eastern Far Eastern 737,700 53,824
89 Nagsasariling Lugar ng mga Yamalo-Nenets Salekhard
(Largest city: Novy Urengoy)
    Urals West Siberian 750,300 507,006
82 Republika ng Crimea[c] Simferopol     Crimean[3] 26,964[4] 1,966,801[5] 2014
92 Sevastopol[c]     Crimean[3] 864[6] 379,200[6] 2014
 
Subdyek Pederal ng Russia
Orihinal na teritoryo Petsa ng referendum Petsa ng pag-iisa Merger
1, 1a Disyembre 7, 2003 Disyembre 1, 2005 Perm Oblast (1) + Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug (1a) → Perm Krai
2, 2a, 2b Abril 17, 2005 Enero 1, 2007 Krasnoyarsk Krai (2) + Evenk Autonomous Okrug (2a) + Taymyr Autonomous Okrug (2b) → Krasnoyarsk Krai
3, 3a Oktubre 23, 2005 Hulyo 1, 2007 Kamchatka Oblast (3) + Koryak Autonomous Okrug (3a) → Kamchatka Krai
4, 4a Abril 16, 2006 Enero 1, 2008 Irkutsk Oblast (4) + Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug (4a) → Irkutsk Oblast
5, 5a Marso 11, 2007 Marso 1, 2008 Chita Oblast (5) + Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug (5a) → Zabaykalsky Krai

Further proposals for mergersBaguhin

The following merger proposals have been made in the recent years; most have since become inactive.

Proposals Federal subjects Map
6, 6a Arkhangelsk Oblast + Nenets Autonomous Okrug = Pomorsky Krai    
7, 7a, 7b Khabarovsk Krai + Jewish Autonomous Oblast + Amur Oblast = Amur Krai      
8, 8a Magadan Oblast + Chukotka Autonomous Okrug = Magadan Krai    
9, 9a, 9b Irkutsk Oblast + Buryat Republic + Zabaykalsky Krai = Baykalsky Krai      
10, 10a, 10b Tyumen Oblast + Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug + Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug = Tyumen Krai      
11, 11a, 11b Novosibirsk Oblast + Omsk Oblast + Tomsk Oblast = Novosibirsk Krai      
12, 12a, 12b Kemerovo Oblast + Republika ng Altai + Altai Krai = Altai Krai      
13 St. Petersburg + Leningrad Oblast = Leningrad Oblast    
14 Moscow + Moscow Oblast = Moscow Oblast    
15, 15a Yaroslavl Oblast + Kostroma Oblast = Yaroslavl Krai    
16, 16a Novgorod Oblast + Pskov Oblast = Novgorod Krai    
17, 17a Krasnodar Krai + Republika ng Adygea = Krasnodar Krai    
18, 18a Republika ng Ingushetia + Republikan ng Chechnya = Checheno-Ingushetia    

Mga TalababaBaguhin

  1. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (sa Ruso). Federal State Statistics Service. Hinango noong 2008-04-18.
  2. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (sa Ruso). Federal State Statistics Service. Hinango noong 2008-06-23.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014.
  4. "Autonomous Republic of Crimea". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Hinango noong 2014-03-25.
  5. "Population as of February 1, 2014. Average annual populations January 2014". ukrstat.gov.ua. Hinango noong 2015-10-18.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "A General data of the region". Sevastopol City State Administration. Hinango noong 2014-04-07.

PinagkuhananBaguhin

  • 12 декабря 1993 г. «Конституция Российской Федерации», в ред. Федерального конституционного закона №7-ФКЗ от 30 декабря 2008 г. Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская газета", №237, 25 декабря 1993 г. (December 12, 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation, as amended by the Federal Constitutional Law #7-FKZ of December 30, 2008. Effective as of the official publication date.).

Tignan DinBaguhin