Punong Mahistrado ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas

(Idinirekta mula sa Claudio Teehankee, Sr.)

Ang Punong Mahistrado ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas ang nangunguna sa Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas at ang pinakamataas na opisyal ng hustisya sa pamahalaan ng Pilipinas. Ang kasalukuyang Punong Mahistrado ay si Alexander Gesmundo, na itinalaga ni Pangulong Rodrigo Duterte noong Abril 5, 2021.

Katungkulan

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Ang kapangyarihan upang magtalaga ng Punong Mahistrado ay nakasalalay sa Pangulo, kung saan siya ay pipili sa talaan ng tatlong nominado na ginawa ng Judicial and Bar Council. Wala halos pinagkaiba ang proseso ng pagpili ng isang Punong Mahistrado mula sa pagpili ng mga Kasamang Mahistrado. Gaya rin ng ibang Mahistardo ng Kataas-taasang Hukuman, walang limitasyong ang termino ng Punong Hukom, maliban na lamang kapag umabot sa ika-70 ang gulang, ay sapilitang itong magreretiro.

Talaan ng mga naging Punong Mahistrado

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Portraits of the chief justices at the Supreme Court Building
 
The chief justice's judicial chambers
 
Reception room for the Office of the Chief Justice
Numero. Larawan Punong Mahistrado Panunungkilan Itinalaga ni Pinagaralan ng Batas Dating Posisyion
1   Cayetano Arellano
(1847–1920)
Hunyo 15, 1901 – Abril 12, 1920
(18 taon, 302 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
William McKinley UST Pangulo of the
Korte Suprema
(1899–1901)
2   Victorino Mapa
(1855–1927)
Hulyo 1, 1920 – Oktubre 31, 1921
(1 taon, 122 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Woodrow Wilson Kalihim ng Katanungan
(1913–1920)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1901–1913)
3   Manuel G. Araullo
(1853–1924)
Nob 1, 1921 – Hul 26, 1924
(2 taon, 268 araw)
(Pumanaw)
Warren G. Harding Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1913–1921)
4   Ramon Avanceña
(1872–1957)
Abr 1, 1925 – Dis 24, 1941
(16 taon, 267 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Calvin Coolidge Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1917–1925)
5   Jose Abad Santos
(1886–1942)
Dis 24, 1941 – May 1, 19421
(128 araw)
(Namatay)
Manuel L. Quezon Northwestern Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1932–1941)
6   Jose Yulo
(1894–1976)
Ene 26, 1942 – Hul 9, 1945
(3 taon, 164 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Masaharu Homma UP Speaker of the
National Assembly
(1939–1941)
7   Manuel Moran
(1893–1961)
Hul 9, 1945 – Mar 20, 1951
(5 taon, 254 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Sergio Osmeña Escuela de Derecho Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1938–1945)
8   Ricardo Paras
(1891–1984)
Abr 2, 1951 – Peb 17, 1961
(9 taon, 321 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Elpidio Quirino UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1941–1951)
9   Cesar Bengzon
(1896–1992)
Abr 28, 1961 – May 29, 1966
(5 taon, 31 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Carlos P. Garcia Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1945–1961)
10   Roberto Concepcion
(1903–1987)
Hul 17, 1966 – Abr 18, 1973
(6 taon, 305 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Ferdinand Marcos UST Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1954–1966)
11   Querube Makalintal
(1910–2002)
Okt 21, 1973 – Dis 22, 1975
(2 taon, 62 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1962–1973)
12   Fred Ruiz Castro
(1914–1979)
Ene 5, 1976 – Abr 19, 1979
(3 taon, 104 araw)
(Pumanaw sa Panununhgkulan)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1966–1976)
13   Enrique Fernando
(1915–2004)
Hul 2, 1979 – Hul 24, 1985
(6 taon, 22 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1967–1979)
14   Felix Makasiar
(1915–1992)
Hul 25, 1985 – Nob 19, 1985
(117 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Supremat
(1970–1985)
15   Ramon Aquino
(1917–1993)
Nob 20, 1985 – Mar 6, 1987
(1 taon, 106 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1973–1985)
16   Claudio O. Teehankee
(1918–1989)
Abr 2, 1987 – Abr 18, 1988
(1 taon, 16 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Corazon Aquino Ateneo Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1969–1987)
17   Pedro Yap
(1918–2003)
Abr 19 – Hun 30, 1988
(72 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1986–1988)
18   Marcelo Fernan
(1927–1999)
Hul 1, 1988 – Dis 6, 1991
(3 taon, 158 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1986–1988)
19   Andres Narvasa
(1928–2013)
Dis 8, 1991 – Nob 30, 1998
(6 taon, 357 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UST Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1986–1991)
20   Hilario Davide Jr.
(born 1935)
Nob 30, 1998 – Dis 20, 2005
(7 taon, 20 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Joseph Estrada UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1991–1998)
21   Artemio Panganiban
(born 1936)
Dis 20, 2005 – Dis 7, 2006
(352 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo FEU Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1995–2005)
22   Reynato Puno
(born 1940)
Dis 7, 2006 – May 17, 2010
(3 taon, 161 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(1993–2006)
23   Renato Corona
(1948–2016)
May 17, 2010 – May 29, 20122 3
(2 taon, 12 araw)
(Pinatalsik)
Ateneo Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2002–2010)
  Maria Lourdes Sereno
(born 1960)
Ago 25, 2012 – May 11, 20183 4
(5 taon, 259 araw)
(De facto Chief Justice,
appointment null and void ab initio)
Benigno Aquino III UP Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2010–2012)
24   Teresita de Castro
(born 1948)
Ago 28 – Okt 10, 20183 5
(43 araw)
(Nagretiro)
Rodrigo Duterte Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2007–2018)
25   Lucas Bersamin
(born 1949)
Nobyembre 28, 2018Oktubre 18, 2019
(326 araw)
(Nagretiro)
UE Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2009–2018)
26   Diosdado Peralta
(born 1952)
Okt 23, 2019Mar 27, 2021
(1 taon, 155 araw)
(Nagbitiw)
UST Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2009–2019)
27   Alexander Gesmundo
(born 1956)
Abr 5, 2021 – present
(3 taon, 67 araw)
Ateneo Kasamang Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema
(2017–2021)
^1 José Abad Santos was unable to preside over the Supreme Court due to the outbreak of World War II.
^2 Renato Corona was impeached on December 12, 2011, and convicted on May 29, 2012, removing him from office.
^3 Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio served as acting chief justice after the Impeachment of Renato Corona from May 30, 2012 to August 25, 2012[1] and after the removal of Maria Lourdes Sereno via quo warranto proceedings from May 14, 2018 to August 25, 2018.
^4 Maria Lourdes Sereno was removed on May 11, 2018 via quo warranto by a special en banc session; the petition alleged Sereno's appointment was void ab initio due to her failure in complying with the requirements of the Judicial and Bar Council. Hence her entire term as chief justice is considered a de facto tenure;[2] legally void since the ouster of her predecessor. Sereno filed an ad cautelam motion for reconsideration pleading for the reversal of the decision on May 31, 2018, but on June 19, 2018 was denied with finality (meaning no further pleading shall be entertained, as well as for the immediate entry for judgment) for lack of merit.[3]
^5 As a result of Republic v. Sereno, Maria Lourdes Sereno is no longer considered the 24th chief justice of the Philippines, as the court ruled that her appointment was never legal but null and void ab initio. Thus, on August 25, 2018, Teresita de Castro was appointed by President Rodrigo Duterte as the new de jure and 24th chief justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.

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Representasyong Grapikal

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Ito ay grapikal na representasyon ng haba ng buhay ng bawat punong Mahistrado Pilipinas.

  1. Hilario Davide. Jr.:
    1. LT: 1936.0166666667 – 2024.5; Term:1998.9416666667 – 2006.0166666667
  2. Artemio Panganiban:
    1. LT: 1937.0583333333 – 2024.5; Term:2006.0166666667 – 2007.0058333333
  3. Reynato Puno:
    1. LT: 1940.4308333333 – 2024.5; Term:2007.0058333333 – 2010.4308333333
  4. Teresita de Castro:
    1. LT: 1948.8416666667 – 2024.5; Term:2018.69 – 2018.8416666667
  5. Lucas Bersamin:
    1. LT: 1949.8483333333 – 2025; Term:2018.9383333333 – 2019.8483333333
  6. Diosdado Peralta:
    1. LT: 1952.2725 – 2024.5; Term:2019.8516666667 – 2021.2725
  7. Alexander Gesmundo:
    1. LT: 1957.93 – 2025; Term:2021.3375 – 2024.5

Timeline ng mga Pamantasang Pambatas na Pinagtapusan ng Bawat Punong Mahistrado ng Kataastaasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas

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Bar Key:      ADMU      Escuela de Derecho      FEU      Northwestern      UE      UP      UST

Tingnan din

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Mga Panlabas na Kawing

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Sanggunian

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  1. "Carpio is acting chief justice under SC order". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Mayo 30, 2012. Nakuha noong Mayo 30, 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  2. "G.R. No. 237428. May 11, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. Mayo 11, 2018. Inarkibo mula sa ang orihinal (PDF) noong Hunyo 20, 2018. Nakuha noong Mayo 11, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  3. "G.R. No. 237428. June 19, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. Hunyo 19, 2018. Inarkibo mula sa ang orihinal (PDF) noong Hunyo 20, 2018. Nakuha noong Hunyo 20, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: date auto-translated (link)
  4. Updated daily according to UTC.