Tagagamit:BSrap/Protesta laban kay Rodrigo Duterte

The protests against Rodrigo Duterte, the 16th President of the Philippines, began on November 18, 2016, following the burial of late president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos, whom Duterte supported.[1] These series of protests are mostly conducted by left-wing groups and other opponent figures mainly due to ongoing war on drugs, declaration of martial law in Mindanao and employment issues such as contractual term being applied by the company and the inflation due to Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Act. Other causes such as the government's response to the COVID-19 in the country, the passage of Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020 and the denial of franchise for ABS-CBN by the House of Representatives–an issue that prompted the celebrities to join the criticism against the government.

BackgroundBaguhin

ABS-CBN renewal franchise controversy and the subsequent shut downBaguhin

The shutting down of ABS-CBN was met by criticism among local celebrities, as well as politicians and militant groups.[2][3] The franchise controversy mainly focuses the disputes between the Duterte administration and ABS-CBN, which Duterte has criticized the ABS-CBN Network for their alleged biased and unfavorable news coverage against Duterte beginning with his presidential campaign in the 2016 Philippine presidential election.[4] Duterte also voiced his opposition against the network's congressional franchise.[5] After the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) issued cease and desist order on ABS-CBN, the network effectively ceased broadcast on May 5, 2020.[6][7][8]

A Congressional hearings for a new franchise was commenced on May 26, 2020.[9] On July 10, members of the House of Representatives, particularly the Committee on Legislative Franchises, voted 70–11 to deny the franchise application of ABS-CBN, citing several issues on the network's franchise.[10] As a response for the outcome, several supporters, employees, and personalities of the network held a noise held a noise barrage as a solidarity for the network since July 13, 2020.[11]

SONABaguhin

2020Baguhin

For the upcoming Duterte's State of the Nation Address on July 27, 2020, Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (Bayan) Secretary-General Renato Reyes Jr. initially announced on July 21, 2020 that the group opposed the PNP calls to stay at home and protests and will hold a protests physically on the streets for the SONA protests,[12] but on the next day, Reyes said that they will use a virtual effigy for the SONA protests—the first time in the event citing the threat of the coronavirus disease.[13]

On the day on SONA, over 6,000 police personnel were deployed along Batasan Pambansa and Commonwealth Avenue to secure the venue.[14] At least 34 people have been arrested in Metro Manila including five members of transport group PISTON for violating the community quarantine protocols amid COVID-19 pandemic.[14]

Dubbed the event as "#SONAgKAISA", activists held a rally at University of the Philippines.[15] Activist Mae Paner dressed up as Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque, an ensemble took after Roque visited a marine adventure park in Subic, Zambales on July 2, 2020, which he previously defended as a "side trip", amid the strict enforcement quarantine protocols in Metro Manila.[16] His visit was condemned by the netizens on social media.[17] Following the denial of franchise for ABS-CBN by the Congress on July 10, employees of ABS-CBN Corporation participated the event.[18] The rally concluded at 12 o'clock in the afternoon.[15] The Quiapo Church held a mass where the attendees brought their placards bearing the message that opposes anti-terror law. The placards were later confiscated by the police before the end of the mass.[19]

People Power Revolution anniversaryBaguhin

On February 25, 2017, demonstrators celebrated the 31st anniversary of People Power Revolution, an event that led to the downfall of Marcos' dictatorship rule of Marcos on February 25, 1986. Opposition figures such as Senators Bam Aquino, Risa Hontiveros, Francis Pangilinan and Franklin Drilon and former President Benigno Aquino III—whom being cheered upon his arrival.[20] Block Marcos Movement arrived at People Power Monument at 9pm and they put a white shovel at the People Power Monument, a goal to exhume Marcos from the grave at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.[20] Former President Fidel V. Ramos expressed his disappointment over Duterte's absence at the event.[21] There was a heated confrontation within the event in which involving the APO Hiking Society member Jim Paredes and some members of Duterte Youth where the former mocked them by raising the Duterte's signature fist. The event was recorded on the phone.[22]

Demonstrators commemorated the 32nd anniversary of People Power Revolution (also dubbed as "People Werpa")[23] on February 25, 2018.[24] According to Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque, Duterte will not attend the event but instead "the President will be in his home province in Davao City".[24] Last year, Duterte also did attend the event.[24] As the day approaches, several groups including students, activists, and other opponents held the protests against Duterte administration actions.[25] An online poll conducted by Communications Assistant Secretary Mocha Uson, stating "Naniniwala ba kayo na ang 1986 EDSA PEOPLE POWER ay isang produkto ng FAKE NEWS???" ("Do you think the 1986 EDSA People Power is a product of fake news?"), which garnered 84% voted "yes" out of 61,800 respondents.[26] However, Harry Roque said that the event is not 'fake news'.[26]

On February 23, 2019, more than 1,300 opposition figures such as Liberal Party, Tindig Pilipinas, Magdalo and Akbayan gathered at the People Power Monument in White Plains to commemorate the 33rd anniversary of People Power Revolution.[27][28] There, they denounced, through the placards, the administration-supported senatorial candidates for 2019 such as former Presidential Aide Bong Go and former Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos.[28] UP Diliman screened the film, Citizen Jake, directed by Mike de Leon and starring Atom Araullo as the title character Jake Herrera, which follows "a journalist whose principles clash with the political interests of his estranged father, a powerful senator."[29] A 5-minute short film entitled Kangkungan,[30] also directed by Mike de Leon was uploaded on Vimeo, slamming the policy of Duterte.[31]

Opposition figures have made their statement ahead of the event: Senator Bam Aquino calls the Filipino people "to air their grievances through the ballot in the May elections." Senator Leila de Lima denounced the persecution of prominent critics of the administration such as her arrest, voiding of amnestry of Senator Antonio Trillanes, removal of Supreme Court Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno, and the deportation of Sister Patricia Fox "in order to stop her active involvement in human rights work."[27] Vice President Leni Robredo called the people to break the misconception that the event is merely about the "dilawans" (transl. "yellows") and instead remember the anniversary event.[32] It was reported that the number of people participated are fewer than the last year.[33]

On February 24, about 600 people gathered at the People Power Monument.[34] Among the attendees were former President Benigno Aquino III and the supporters of opposition senatorial candidates from the Otso Diretso. It also shows the footage of Duterte's expletive speeches on the projector.[34] On his speech, Aquino breaks the silence on the Dengvaxia controversy and the measles outbreak.[34][35]

On February 25, just like the previous events, Duterte, again, did not attend the event.[36] The Otso Diretso had challenged the Hugpong ng Pagbabago candidates for the debate on this date.[37] Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte said that the Hugpong candidates agreed to attend the debates.[37] However, none of the Hugpong candidates present at the event.[38]

On February 22, 2020, ahead of 34th anniversary, demonstrators gathered at the People Power Monument to protest the "allowing the China to breach the Philippine sovereignty" and calling Duterte to resign from the office.[39] On February 24, a group of artists projected their graffiti depicting the wanted poster of Duterte on the walls of Philippine National Police.[40] The PNP condemned the digital graffiti, stating that the People Power Revolution "makes it totally deplorable."[41] On February 25, on the day of the anniversary, several people attend the event including former Vice President Jejomar Binay and former Senators Rene Saguisag and Serge Osmeña.[42] However, the number of people attended the event decreases due to the outbreak of coronavirus in the country.[43] The supporters of the revolution expressed their resentful over what history of the event seems to be forgotten by the country.[44] At the EDSA Shrine, members of Tindig Pilipinas wore yellow face mask at the event.[44] In Dagupan City, several yellow ribbons have been putted at the utility poles, bridges and fences.[44]

TimelineBaguhin

May-AugustBaguhin

  • May 8 - Several groups gathered at the U.P. Diliman, QC to protests the shutting down of ABS-CBN.[45]
  • June 3-4 - Various groups gathered at the University of the Philippines to protest and junk the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020, which was approved by the House of Representatives.[46][47]
  • June 12 - Several groups held a rally dubbed by the activists as "Grand Mañanita" at the UP Diliman on Independence Day to protests the anti-terror bill.[48]
  • June 26 - LGBT groups marched towards Mendiola Street in Manila to protests the anti-terror bill. At least 20 people including the two drivers who offered the ride for the protesters were arrested but no formal charges have been filed against them.[49]
  • July 4 - A day after Duterte signed the controversial anti-terror bill,[50] protesters gathered at the UP Diliman to condemned it.[51] Meanwhile in Cabuyao, Laguna, 11 activists were arrested by the authorities.[52]
  • July 7 - Protesters gathered at the UP against Anti-terrorism Act of 2020.[53]
  • July 27 - Several demonstrators held a rally, dubbed as "#SONAgKAISA", on the day of Duterte's fifth SONA.[14]
  • September 11 - Several LGBT communities held a rally to protest Duterte's absolute of pardon of Joseph Scott Pemberton, who was convicted of killing of LGBT transwoman Jennifer Laude in October 2014.[54]
  • Absolute pardon of Joseph Scott Pemberton: On October 11, 2014, Pemberton killed trans woman Jennifer Laude inside the Olongapo motel.[55] On December 1, 2015, Pemberton was convicted of murder, sentenced him to 6 to 12 years in jail.[56] On September 2, 2020, Branch 74 of the Olongapo City Regional Trial Court granted Joseph Scott Pemberton's partial motion of reconsideration, thereby releasing him from prison.[57][58][59] On September 7, 2020, President Rodrigo Duterte granted an absolute pardon to Pemberton,[60] which was justified by his spokesman Harry Roque, who was once a legal counsel for the Laude family.[61] The pardon, which was condemned by the Laude family[62], sparked outrage in the LGBT community,[63] as well as high-profile personalities from senators[64] to celebrities.[65] The hashtag #JusticeForJenniferLaude landed on the top trending spot in social media, where majority of the posts were critical of Duterte.[66]

Outside the PhilippinesBaguhin

  • July 25 - Pro and anti-Duterte demonstrators gathered outside the Philippine Consulate in New York.[67]
  • June 18–19 - A lone protester, Enzo Manzano, son of Edu Manzano, stood outside the U.N. headquarters in New York City while holding the placard denouncing the human rights violation, the conviction of Maria Ressa, the shutdown of ABS-CBN, and the passage of anti-terror bill.[68][69]

ArrestsBaguhin

Date Number of arrests Ref.
April 3, 2017 80 [70]
July 21, 2017 8 [71]
June 12, 2018 1 [72]
April 1, 2020 21 [73]
June 4, 2020 8 [74]
June 26, 2020 20 [75]
July 4, 2020 11 [76]
July 27, 2020 34 [14]
Total 183

ReferencesBaguhin

  1. "Millennials lead protests vs Marcos burial". Philippine Daily Inquirer. November 20, 2016.
  2. "On World Press Freedom Day, groups wary of shrinking space for fundamental freedoms". The Philippine Star. May 3, 2020. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong May 4, 2020. Nakuha noong May 9, 2020.
  3. "#NoToABSCBNShutDown tops local Twitter list after NTC issues halt order". ABS-CBN News. May 5, 2020. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong May 5, 2020. Nakuha noong May 6, 2020.
  4. "Philippines' top broadcaster ordered off air". BBC News (sa wikang Ingles). May 5, 2020. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong May 7, 2020. Nakuha noong May 7, 2020.
  5. Aurelio, Julie M.; Inquirer Research (December 4, 2019). "I'll see to it that you're out, President tells ABS-CBN". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong December 20, 2019. Nakuha noong January 25, 2020. "Your franchise will end next year. If you are expecting that it will be renewed, I'm sorry. You're out. I will see to it that you're out," he said, addressing ABS-CBN.
  6. Mercado, Neil Arwin (May 5, 2020). "BREAKING: NTC orders ABS-CBN to stop broadcast operations". Philippine Daily Inquirer (sa wikang Ingles). Tinago mula sa orihinal noong May 6, 2020. Nakuha noong May 5, 2020.
  7. "ABS-CBN's heart-rending last moments before shutting down". Philippine Daily Inquirer. May 6, 2020. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong May 6, 2020. Nakuha noong May 5, 2020.
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  9. "House to begin hearings on ABS-CBN franchise next week". CNN Philippines. May 20, 2020.
  10. "House panel junks ABS-CBN's bid for a 25-year franchise". Philippine News Agency. Tinago mula sa orihinal noong July 10, 2020. Nakuha noong July 20, 2020.
  11. "ABS-CBN employees in Davao City gather in prayer, journalists hold noise barrage". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Nakuha noong July 20, 2020.
  12. "Bayan rejects online protests for Duterte's SONA". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Nakuha noong July 22, 2020.
  13. "Protesters to use virtual effigy for SONA rally". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Nakuha noong July 22, 2020.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 "34 arrested ahead of SONA 2020". CNN Philippines. Nakuha noong July 27, 2020.
  15. 15.0 15.1 "PANOORIN: Ilang eksena sa #SONAgKAISA protests | TV Patrol". ABS-CBN News on YouTube. Nakuha noong July 28, 2020.
  16. "LOOK: Artist-activist Mae Paner dresses up as Harry Roque in #SONA2020 protest". CNN Philippines. Nakuha noong July 27, 2020.
  17. "Roque defends dolphin park visit: It's a side trip, not a party". CNN Philippines. July 2, 2020. Nakuha noong July 27, 2020.
  18. "ABS-CBN employees nakiisa rin sa SONA protests | TV Patrol". ABS-CBN News. Nakuha noong July 28, 2020.
  19. "PANOORIN: Placards ng ilang nagmimisa sa Quiapo hinablot ng pulisya | TV Patrol". ABS-CBN News. Nakuha noong July 28, 2020 – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "TV Patrol: Ika-31 anibersaryo ng People Power Revolution, ginunita". ABS-CBN News – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube.
  21. "TV Patrol: Simpleng pagdiriwang sa anibersaryo ng 1986 People Power". ABS-CBN News – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube.
  22. "24 Oras: Jim Paredes at Duterte Youth na nagpunta sa rally sa EDSA, nagkainitan". (in Tagalog). GMA News — via YouTube.
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  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 "Duterte to skip Edsa People Power anniversary rites anew". SunStar.
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  27. 27.0 27.1 "'Today's people power is vote power'". The Philippine Star. It (Duterte administration) has denied that the fake charges filed against me were in retaliation for my opposition to Duterte’s bloody drug war. It has denied that the unconstitutional ouster of chief justice Maria Lourdes Sereno was Duterte’s handiwork. It has denied that the revocation of Sen. Sonny Trillanes’ amnesty and the revival of his criminal cases are politically motivated. It has denied that Sister Patricia Fox was deported in order to stop her active involvement in human rights work in the Philippines,” added the senator.
  28. 28.0 28.1 "LOOK: Supporters of opposition flock to Edsa to remember People Power". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
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  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 "Aquino attends EDSA rally; breaks silence on measles outbreak". ABS-CBN News – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube. Note: Go to 0:32–0:37 for Duterte in the projector.
  35. "Don't be fooled twice, ex-President Aquino warns Filipinos". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  36. "Duterte skips Edsa People Power rites for the third time". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  37. 37.0 37.1 "Otso Diretso sets debate vs Hugpong slate on EDSA revolution anniversary". The Philippine Star.
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  40. "LOOK: Artists flash 'Duterte wanted' poster on Camp Crame". Rappler. Nakuha noong February 26, 2020.
  41. @News5AKSYON (February 26, 2020). "Kinondena ng PNP ang digital vandalism na ginawa sa pader ng Camp Crame sa Quezon City bilang protesta sa administrasyon. Isang national historical site ang lugar at naging saksi sa EDSA People Power Revolution, kaya mas "nakalulungkot" daw ang pag-vandal dito" [The PNP condemned the digital vandalism that took place on the wall of Camp Crame in Quezon City in protest of the administration. The area is a national historical site and has been a witness to the EDSA People Power Revolution, making the vandalism even more "sad".] (Tweet) – sa pamamagitan ng/ni Twitter.
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  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 "Ilang mga personalidad, may hinanakit hinggil sa selebrasyon ng EDSA People Power | Bandila". ABS-CBN News on YouTube.
  45. "LIVESTREAM: TV Patrol (May 8, 2020)". ABS-CBN. Nakuha noong May 8, 2020 – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube. Note: Watch from 24:01 to 28:24.
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  47. "Various groups protest against anti-terror bill at the University of the Philippines". Rappler. Nakuha noong June 4, 2020 – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube.
  48. "LOOK: Activist Mae Paner dresses up as Sinas for 'Grand Mañanita' protest". CNN Philippines. Nakuha noong June 13, 2020.
  49. "At least 20 arrested at Pride march in Manila". Rappler. Nakuha noong June 26, 2020.
  50. "Opponents dismayed as Philippines' Duterte approves 'monstrous' anti-terror bill". Reuters. Nakuha noong July 4, 2020.
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  54. "24 Oras Livestream: September 11, 2020 | Replay (Full Episode)". GMA News. YouTube. September 11, 2020. Nakuha noong September 12, 2020. Note: Go to 8:27-9:27 for the story.
  55. "Philippine court upholds guilty verdict on U.S. Marine in..." April 10, 2017 – sa pamamagitan ng/ni www.reuters.com.
  56. MERUEÑAS, MARK (December 22, 2014). "Pemberton runs to De Lima, seeks dismissal of murder case". GMA News. GMA News. Nakuha noong 23 February 2015.
  57. "Pemberton counsel seeks early release". Asian Journal. August 29, 2020.
  58. "Court orders Pemberton's early release". CNN Philippines. September 2, 2020. Nakuha noong September 2, 2020.
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  60. Tomacruz, Sofia (7 September 2020). "Duterte grants 'absolute pardon' to US soldier Pemberton". Rappler. Nakuha noong 7 September 2020.
  61. "After calling Pemberton release 'unjust,' Roque justifies Duterte pardon". Rappler.
  62. "Laude family condemns pardon granted to Pemberton". September 7, 2020.
  63. Cabato, Regine. "Philippines' Duterte pardons U.S. Marine convicted of murdering transgender woman" – sa pamamagitan ng/ni www.washingtonpost.com.
  64. "'An affront to the Filipino people': Opposition senators slam Pemberton pardon". Rappler.
  65. Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (September 8, 2020). "Showbiz figures join critics in denouncing absolute pardon of Pemberton". INQUIRER.net.
  66. "#JusticeForJenniferLaude: Filipinos decry pardon for US soldier Pemberton". Rappler.
  67. "Pro-Duterte and anti-Duterte activists face off in NYC". Balitang America TFC. July 25, 2018. Nakuha noong August 13, 2020.
  68. "Lone Pinoy protester in NYC decries silencing of dissent in homeland". ABS-CBN News. Nakuha noong June 21, 2020.
  69. "Edu Manzano's son Enzo holds solo protests in New York: 'PH gov't is destroying democracy'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Nakuha noong June 21, 2020.
  70. "Taguiwalo appeals for release of detained elderly Kadamay members". Rappler. April 5, 2017. Nakuha noong July 3, 2020.
  71. "TV Patrol: Sesyon sa martial law extension, binulabog ng protesta". ABS-CBN News. July 22, 2017. Nakuha noong July 3, 2020 – sa pamamagitan ng/ni YouTube.
  72. @ABSCBNNews (June 12, 2018). "Bayan Southern Tagalog member Francis Rafael was arrested for "interrupting public order" while Pres Duterte delivered his speech during the 120th Independence Day Celebration at Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite when he shouted "Huwad na Kalayaan!" | via @maan_macapagal" (Tweet). Nakuha noong July 3, 2020 – sa pamamagitan ng/ni Twitter.
  73. "21 protesters demanding food aid arrested in Quezon City". CNN Philippines. Nakuha noong July 3, 2020.
  74. "8 arrested in Cebu anti-terror bill rally ordered released without bail". Rappler. Nakuha noong July 3, 2020.
  75. "At least 20 arrested at Pride march in Manila". Rappler. Nakuha noong June 26, 2020.
  76. "11 activists protesting enactment of Anti-Terrorism Law arrested in Cabuyao". Philippine Star. Nakuha noong July 5, 2020.